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Background Learning Subtopics

Petroleum Geology

Introduction and Overview

expand/collapseFundamentals of Petroleum Geology  (t38098)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapsePetroleum Exploration Overview  (s38099) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basin Description and Classifications
  • Requirements for Petroleum Accumulation
  • Exploration of a Petroleum Basin
  • Technical and Economic Risks in Exploration
expand/collapsePetroleum Generation and Maturation (s38197) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Petroleum Chemistry
  • Crude Oil Classifications
  • Kerogen Types
  • Maturation Processes
expand/collapseMigration and Accumulation Processes (s38266) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Migration Processes
  • Reservoir Porosity and Permeability
  • Trapping Mechanisms
  • Structural Traps
  • Stratigraphic Traps
expand/collapseSubsurface Environment  (t38405)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseWater Origins and Chemistry (s38406) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Subsurface Water Origins
  • Oxidation/Reduction Potential and pH
  • Subsurface Water Salinity
  • Subsurface Water Composition
  • Fluid Behavior
expand/collapseTemperature and Thermal Gradient  (s38424) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Thermal Gradients and Heat Flow
  • Thermal Conductivities in Various Rock Types
  • Regional Thermal Variations
expand/collapsePressure Environments  (s38469) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Components of Subsurface Pressure
  • Downhole Pressures
  • Potentiometric Surfaces
  • Overpressured Environments
  • Compaction Overpressuring Process
  • Compaction Overpressuring in Deltas
expand/collapseHydrocarbon Properties  (t37993)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseGas Properties and Classifications  (s37994) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Gas Properties and Classifications Overview
  • Properties of Non-Hydrocarbon Gases
  • Hydrocarbon Gases
  • Gas Hydrates
expand/collapseCrude Oil Properties, Classifications, and Alterations (s38001) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Crude Oil Properties, Classifications, and Alterations Overview
  • Physical Properties of Crude Oil
  • Chemical Properties of Crude Oil
  • Classification and Occurrences of Crude Oils
  • Alteration of Crude Oil
expand/collapseHydrocarbon Generation and Migration (t39285)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseGeneration and Maturation Processes (s39286) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Petroleum Source Material
  • Organic Productivity
  • Preservation and Organic Destruction
  • Diagenesis of Organic Matter
  • Kerogen Components
  • Hydrocarbons and Kerogen Type
  • Chemical Changes with Kerogen Maturation
  • Depth, Temperature and Time Effects
  • Paleothermometry
  • Oil Shale
expand/collapseMigration Processes (s39287) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Primary Migration
  • Secondary Migration
expand/collapseReservoirs (t34)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseRock Properties (s1018) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Porosity Defined
  • Primary Porosity
  • Secondary Porosity
  • Permeability
  • Grain Size
  • Grain Sorting
  • Rock Fabric
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
expand/collapseDiagenesis (s1019) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sandstone Burial
  • Sandstone Cementation
  • Sandstone Secondary Porosity
  • Sandstone Diagenetic Pathways
  • Carbonate Rock Types
  • Limestones
  • Dolomites
  • Atypical Reservoir Rocks
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseReservoir Continuity (s1020) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Areal Continuity
  • Cross-Sectional Continuity
  • Case History: Handil Field, Indonesia
  • Case History: Intisar Field, Libya
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseTraps (t35)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseHydrocarbon Traps: Introduction (s1022) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Definitions and General Concepts
  • Trap Classifications
expand/collapseStructural Traps (s1023) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Fold Traps (Compressional)
  • Fold Traps (Compactional)
  • Fold Traps: Comparison of Major Types
  • Fault Traps
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
expand/collapseStratigraphic Traps (s1024) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Depositional Traps: Channels
  • Depositional Traps: Bars
  • Depositional Traps: Reefs
  • Diagenetic Traps
  • Unconformity-Related Traps
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseOther Trap Types (s1025) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Hydrodymanic Traps
  • Combination Traps
  • Diapir-Associated Traps
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
expand/collapseHabitat of Hydrocarbons in Sedimentary Basins (t36)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSedimentary Basins: Overview (s1027) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Geometry of Sedimentary Basins
  • Sediment Fill
  • Tectonic Processes and Timing
  • Basin-Forming Mechanisms
  • Basin Classification
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseCratonic Basins (s1028) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Interior (Intracratonic) Basins
  • Foreland (Craton Margin) Basins
expand/collapseDivergent Margin Basins (s1029) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Rift Basins
  • Pull-Apart Basins
expand/collapseConvergent Margin Basins (s1030) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Description
  • Fore-Arc and Back-Arc Basins
  • Non-Arc Basins
  • Collision Basins
  • Petroleum Features
expand/collapseDownwarp Basins and Tertiary Deltas (s1031) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Downwarp Basins
  • Tertiary Deltas
expand/collapsePetroleum Characteristics by Basin Type (s1032) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Distribution of Petroleum-Rich Basins
  • Distribution of Field Sizes
  • Distribution of Petroleum Characteristics
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4

Basic Skills of the Petroleum Geologist

expand/collapseGeologic Cross-Sections (t37)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseCross-Section Elements (s1034) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Input Data
  • Line of Section
  • Scale
  • Datum
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
  • Exercise No.4
expand/collapseCross-Sections in Two Dimensions (s1035) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Structural Cross-Sections
  • Stratigraphic Cross-Sections
  • Correlation and Geologic Interpretation
  • Completing the Cross-Section
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseCross-Section Diagrams in Three-Dimensions (s1036) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Fence Diagrams
  • Block Diagrams
expand/collapseCross-Sections: Computer Methods (s4653) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseStructural Restoration: Concepts and Timing (s36953) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Structural Restoration Introduction & Concepts
  • Mechanical Stratigraphy
  • Classical Balancing Techniques
  • Balancing Compressional Structures
  • Balancing Extensional Structures
  • Related Structures
  • Strike-Slip Faults
  • References
expand/collapseSubsurface Mapping (t38)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseLateral Correlation of Logged Data (s1037) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Defining Surfaces
  • Delimiting Units
  • Contour Mapping
  • Mechanical and Interpretive Contouring
expand/collapseStructural Contour Maps (s1038) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Adequacy of Contours for Depicting Structure
  • Fault Detection
  • Vertical Faults
  • Normal/Oblique Normal Faults
  • Reverse Faults
  • Unconformities
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapseIsopach and Other Subsurface Maps (s1039) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Isopachs of Time-Rock Intervals
  • Isopachs of Rock ( Lithologic ) Units
  • Isolith Maps
  • Compound Maps
  • Subcrop Maps
  • Miscellaneous Maps and Their Applications
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapsePaleo-Structure Maps (s36986) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Why make Paleo-Structure Maps
  • The Migration of Fluids in the Subsurface
  • This is Now, What was Then
  • Conclusions
  • References
expand/collapseProspect Generation (t39)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseProspect Generation: Basic Concepts and Definitions (s1040) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Anomalies and Leads
  • Prospects
  • False Anomalies
  • Prospective Regions or Trends
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapseProspect Generation in Frontier Regions (s1041) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Data and Technical Requirements
  • Case Study- Lower Cook Inlet, Alaska
  • Hydrocarbon Potential and Risk
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapseModel Prospects (s1042) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Deltaic-Growth Fault Model ( Devillier Gas Field )
  • South Louisiana Model ( Turtle Prospect )
  • Mississippi Wilcox Model
  • Muddy Sandstone Model
  • Models of Exploration by Remote Sensing
  • The Red Fork Channel Sandstone Model
  • Reef Models
  • Turbidite Models
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
  • Exercise No.4

Reservoir Geology

expand/collapseNonmarine Sandstone Reservoirs (t49)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseClassification of Nonmarine Sandstones (s1050) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Rules of Thumb and Their Limitations
expand/collapseAlluvial Fan Environments (s1051) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Depositional Processes and Lithologic Characteristics
  • Paleontology
  • Geometry
  • Associated Facies
  • Diagnostic Evidence
expand/collapseBraided Stream Environments (s1052) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Depositional Processes and Lithologic Characteristics
  • Paleontology
  • Geometry
  • Associated Facies
  • Diagnostic Evidence
  • Basic Reservoir Characteristics
  • Examples
expand/collapseMeandering Channel Alluvial Systems (s1053) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Depositional Processes and Lithologic Characteristics
  • Paleontology
  • Geometry
  • Associated Facies
  • Diagnostic Evidence
  • Basic Reservoir Characteristics
  • Examples
expand/collapseEolian Environments (s1054) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Depositional Processes and Lithologic Characteristics
  • Paleontology
  • Geometry
  • Associated Facies
  • Diagnostic Evidence
  • Reservoir Characteristics
  • Examples
expand/collapseLacustrine Environments (s1055) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • General Characteristics
  • Examples
expand/collapseShelf Marine Sandstone Reservoirs (t51)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Shelf Marine Sandstone Reservoirs (s1061) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Continental Shelf Sands
  • Reservoir Aspects: Summary
expand/collapseDepositional Processes of Shelf Sands (s1062) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Tidal Currents
  • Storm Currents
  • Turbidity Currents
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseShelf Sand Deposits (s1063) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Sand Sheets
  • Sand Ridges
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseDiagnosis and Detection of Shelf Sands (s1064) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Paleontology
  • Associated Facies
  • Seismic
  • Well Logs
  • Cores
  • Shelf Sands Distinguished from Shoreline Sands
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapsePetroleum Geology, Reservoir Characteristics (s1915) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Shelf Sands: General Observations
  • Example: Hartzog Draw Field, Wyoming, USA
expand/collapseMarginal Marine Sandstone Reservoirs (t50)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Marginal Marine Sandstone Reservoirs (s1057) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Depositional Influences
  • General Classifications
  • Principal Sedimentary Processes
expand/collapseDeltaic Environments (s1058) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Significance to Petroleum Exploration
  • General Depositional Setting
  • Delta Classifications
  • Upper/Lower Delta Plain Subenvironments
  • Subaqueous Subenvironment
  • Transgressive Processes
  • Braided Stream and Point Bar Deposits
  • Distributary Channel Sand Deposits
  • Crevasse Subdelta Deposits
  • Distributary Mouth Bars
  • River Mouth Tidal Ridge Deposits
  • Barrier Island Sands
  • Reservoir Characteristics
  • Deltaic Vertical Sequence
  • Example: Handil Field, Indonesia
  • Depositional Processes, Effect on Structure
  • Seismic Identification
  • Fan Deltas
  • Summary; General Characteristics
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
expand/collapseBarrier Islands (s1060) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Relative Influence of Wave and Tidal Processes
  • Distribution of Facies
  • Morphology and Depositional Processes
  • Beach to offshore Facies
  • Regressive Vertical Sequences
  • Associated Sand Facies
  • Sand Plains and Chenier Deposits
  • Stratigraphic Sequence
  • Paleontology
  • Morphology
  • Reservoir Characteristics
  • Identification of Barrier Island Deposits
  • Field Example: Bell Creek Field, Montana
  • Summary; General Characteristics
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseDeepwater Marine Sandstone Reservoirs (t2613)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Deepwater Marine Sandstone Reservoirs (s2614) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Deep Sea Sands
  • Reservoir Aspects: Summary
expand/collapseSedimentation Processes (s2615) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Slumps and Slides
  • Debris Flows
  • Grain Flow
  • Fluidized Flow
  • Turbidity Currents
  • Flow Relationships
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseDepositional Systems (s2616) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Submarine Fans: Overview
  • Elongate Submarine Fans
  • Radial Submarine Fans
  • Radial Submarine Fan: Example
  • Slope-Apron Systems
  • Deep Sea Sedimentation Controls
  • Lithofacies of Submarine Fans and Associated Systems
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseSubsurface Diagnosis and Detection (s2617) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Paleontology
  • Associated Facies
  • Cores
  • Well Logs
  • Seismic
expand/collapseSequence Stratigraphy (s2618) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Models
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapsePetroleum Geology and Reservoir Characteristics (s2619) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Channel Reservoirs
  • Submarine Fan Reservoirs
expand/collapsePorosity Evolution in Sandstone Reservoirs (t52)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseDescription of Sandstone Porosity (s1065) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Sandstone Porosity Classification
  • Sandstone Pore Systems
  • Capillary Pressure Characterization
  • Controls on Primary Porosity
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseDiagenesis (s1066) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Mechanical Compaction
  • Chemical Compaction
  • Relationship of Compactional Processes
  • Authigenic Cementation
  • Factors Influencing Porosity Reduction
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
expand/collapseSecondary Porosity (s1067) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Description and Recognition Criteria
  • Fracture Porosity
  • Shrinkage Porosity
  • Dissolution Porosity
  • Diagenetic Processes Resulting in Secondary Porosity
  • Factors Influencing Creation of Secondary Porosity
  • Diagenetic Cycle of Sandstone
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseEvaluation Tools and Techniques (s1068) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Describing Porosity
  • Interpreting Porosity Evolution
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseEandP Applications (s1069) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Porosity Prediction
  • Diagenetic Traps
  • Reservoir Aspects of Secondary Porosity
  • Reservoir Aspects of Authigenic Clays
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseExploration in Carbonate Rocks (t53)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Exploration in Carbonate Rocks (s1072) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Approach to Facies Analysis
  • Economic Significance of Carbonate Reservoirs
  • General Sedimentary Setting
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseCarbonate Rocks Described (s1073) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Carbonate Grain Types
  • Classification of Carbonate Rocks
  • Principles of Carbonate Sedimentation
  • Carbonate Ramp Model
  • Carbonate Shelf Model
  • Carbonate Shelf Model Through Time
  • General Depositional Settings and Sedimentary Cycles
  • Principle Depositional Models and Environments
  • Carbonate Diagenesis
  • Dolomitization
  • Carbonate Porosity
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseAnalysis of Carbonate Rocks and Facies Distribution (s1074) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview of Petrophysical Properties
  • Tools and Techniques
  • Stratigraphic Framework
  • Disconformities and Exposure Surfaces
  • Seismic Stratigraphy
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseNonmarine Carbonate Settings (s1075) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Lacustrine Environment
  • Carbonate Dune Environment
  • Caliche
  • Cave Deposits
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseCoastal Setting (s1076) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Carbonate Beach Depositional Model
  • Tidal Flat and Sabkha Depositional Models
  • Swamps in Carbonate Depositional Complexes
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseShelf Setting (s1077) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Restricted vs. Open Shelf Environments
  • Muddy Shelf Sands
  • Tidal Deltas
  • Mudbanks
  • Patch Reefs
  • Shelf Sand Bodies
  • Shelf Basins
expand/collapseShelf-Margin Setting (s1078) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Reefs: Introduction
  • Detection and Delineation of Shelf Margins
  • Ecologic Reefs
  • Seismic Indications
  • Reef Reservoir (Example)
  • Shelf-Margin Sand Bodies
  • Other Shelf-Marginal Depositional Models
  • Ancient Carbonate Reef Margins: Examples
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseForeslope Setting (s1079) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Depositional vs. Bypass Foreslopes
  • Modern Examples of Foreslopes
  • Depositional Models in Foreslope Settings
  • Ancient Examples of Foreslopes
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseBasinal Setting (s1080) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Modern Basinal Carbonate Sediments
  • Main Depositional Models and Facies Types
  • Ancient Basinal Carbonates
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapsePorosity Evolution in Carbonate Rocks (t54)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Porosity Evolution in Carbonate Rocks (s1082) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Porosity (Fabric Selective)
  • Porosity (Non-Fabric Selective)
  • Breccia Porosity
  • Capillary Pressure Curves
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseDiagenesis and Porosity Evolution (s1083) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Marine Diagenesis
  • Subaerial Diagenesis: Overview
  • Subaerial Diagenesis in Older Carbonate Rocks
  • Subaerial Diagenesis in Young Carbonate Sediments
  • Burial Diagenesis
  • Dolomitization: General Considerations
  • Dolomite Properties and Chemistry
  • Dolomite Porosity and Permeability
  • Dolomitization Models: Overview
  • Reflux Dolomitization Model
  • Tidal Flat Dolomitization Model
  • Mixed Waters Dolomitization Model
  • Burial Compaction Dolomitization Model
  • Fracturing
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseEvaluation of Porosity and Diagenetic History (s1084) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Rock Studies
  • Wireline Logs
  • Petrography
  • Geochemistry
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapsePorosity Evolution and Petroleum Exploration (s1085) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Beach/Dune Complex (Example)
  • Tidal Flat/Sabkha Facies (Example)
  • Carbonate Buildups (Example)
  • Pinnacle Reef Environments (Example)
  • Basinal Carbonates (Example)
  • Fracture Production (Example)
expand/collapsePorosity Evolution and Field Development (s1086) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Microporosity
  • Moldic and Vuggy Porosity
  • Permeability Barriers
  • Waste Zones
expand/collapseEvaporites and their Role in Petroleum Exploration (t55)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Evaporites and their Role in Petroleum Exploration (s1088) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Evaporites Described
  • Economic Significance of Evaporite Settings
  • History of Evaporite Research
  • Evaporite Mineralogy
  • Diagenesis
  • Diagenesis: Gypsum/Anhydrite Conversion
  • Analysis from Wireline Logs and Seismic Lines
  • Using Seismic Lines
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseSabkha Depositional Facies and Reservoirs (s1089) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Modern Sabkhas: Arabian (Persian) Gulf
  • Depositional Facies
  • Sabkha Signature
  • Sabkha-Based Reservoir Models
  • Ancient Sabkha-Associated Reservoirs
expand/collapseSubaqueous Evaporites (s1090) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Modern Marine Subaqueous Evaporites
  • Ancient Subaqueous Evaporites and Reservoirs
  • Models of Subaqueous vs. Subaerial Deposition
  • Basin-Wide Evaporites and the Anomaly of Deepwater Evaporites
expand/collapseAncient Depositional Models (s1091) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Platform Evaporites
  • Basin-Wide Evaporites
  • Summary
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseSalt Structures, Sediments and Hydrocarbons (s1092) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Salt Movement
  • Growth of Salt Structures
  • Modern Salt Structures
  • Models of Reservoir Occurrence
  • Salt Structure Reservoirs
  • Salt Structure and Reservoirs in Tectonically Active Provinces
  • Reservoirs Associated with Salt Solution
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseEvaporite/Dolomite/Hydrocarbon Association (s1093) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Dolomite Reservoirs Associated with Evaporites
  • Sabkha Dolomite Model
  • Reflux Dolomite Model
  • Burial Dolomite Model
  • Indicators of Dolomite Origins
  • Timing of Dolomitization
  • Evaporites as Seals
  • Evaporitic Sediments as Source Rocks
expand/collapseBasic Geostatistics (t23340)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Basic Geostatistics (s23341) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Background
expand/collapseClassical Statistical Concepts (s23343) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Populations and Samples
  • Trials Events and Probability
  • Random Variables and Their Probability Distributions
  • Univariate Data Analysis
  • Bivariate Statistical Measures and Displays
expand/collapseData Posting and Validation (s23350) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Exploratory Data Analysis
  • Search Neighborhood Criteria
  • Spatial Description
  • Grids and Gridding
  • Traditional Interpolation Methods
  • Map Display Types
  • Moving Window Statistics
expand/collapseRegionalized Variables (s23358) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Spatial Continuity Analysis
  • Spatial Cross-correlation Analysis
  • Stationarity in Regionalized Variables
  • Model Variograms
expand/collapseKriging (s23364) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Kriging Overview
  • Cross-validation
expand/collapseData Integration (s23367) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Cokriging
  • External Drift Kriging
  • Measurement Errors
expand/collapseConditional Simulation (s23371) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Conditional Simulation and Uncertainty Estimation
expand/collapsePublic Domain Geostatistics Programs (s23373) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseSelected Readings (s23377) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Books and Articles
  • Additional Reading
expand/collapseGeostatistics Glossary (s23379) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Terminology

Sedimentology and Stratigraphy

expand/collapseSubsurface Facies Analysis (t48)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSedimentary Environments and Facies (s1043) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Environments and Depositional Systems
  • Lithofacies
  • Depositional Sequences
  • Environmental Indicators
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseLithology (s1044) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Lithological Analysis
  • Grain Size of Terrigenous Sediments
  • Chemistry of Terrigenous Sediments
  • Mineralogy of Terrigenous Sediments
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseSedimentary Structures, Geometry and Facies (s2611) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sedimentary Structures
  • Geometry
  • Associated Facies
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseMicrofossils as Paleoenviromental Indicators (s2612) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Use of Microfossils
  • Foraminifera
  • Ostracods
  • Other Common Microfossils
  • Trace Fossils
expand/collapseSources of Information (s1045) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Cores and Cuttings
  • Wireline Logs
  • Seismic Data
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseSandstone Reservoir Facies (s1046) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Alluvial Fans
  • Braided Streams
  • Meandering Stream Channels
  • Eolian Dunes
  • Lacustrine Deposits
  • Deltas
  • Fan Deltas
  • Coastal Barrier Islands
  • Continental Shelf Sands
  • Deep Sea Sands
  • Case Study: Marchand C Sandstone, Oklahoma
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseCarbonate Reservoir Facies (s1047) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Lithologic Parameters
  • Carbonate Rock Classifications
  • Dolomite
  • Analytical Methods and Procedures
  • Carbonate Shelf Model Overview
  • Coastal Setting
  • Shelf Setting
  • Shelf Margin Setting
  • Foreslope Setting
  • Basinal Setting
  • Case Study: San Andres Formation, Texas
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseClassic Sequence Stratigraphy (t56)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseGeneral Concepts (s1095) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Definitions
  • Sequence Stratigraphy
  • Stratigraphy
  • Seismic Stratigraphy
  • Seismic Sequence Stratigraphy
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseCyclostratigraphy (s1096) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Types of Cycles
  • Duration of Stratigraphic Cycles
  • Events
  • Amplitudes and Scales
  • Causes of Cycles
  • Climactic Effects
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseThe Making of a Stratigraphic Sequence (s1097) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Interglacial Warm Period: Sea Level Highstand (HST)
  • Global Cooling Period: Falling Sea Level (SMST)
  • Glacial Maxima: Sea Level Lowstand (LST)
  • Global Warming Period: Rising Sea Level (TST)
  • Summary
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseSequence Stratigraphy (s1098) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Relative Sea Level Components and Accommodation Space
  • Depositional Geometries of Stratigraphic Sequences
  • Carbonate Model
  • Clastic Model: Overview
  • Clastic Model: Sequence Boundaries
  • Clastic Model: Lowstand Systems Tract (LST)
  • Clastic Model: Transgressive Systems Tract (TST)
  • Clastic Model: Highstand Systems Tract (HST)
  • Clastic Model: Shelf Margin Systems Tract (SMST)
  • Clastic Model: Maximum Flooding Surface (mfs)
  • Chronostratigraphy and Lithostratigraphy
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseInterpretation of Stratigraphic Sequences (s1099) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Integrated Interpretation Procedures
  • Seismic Profiles
  • Seismic Profiles (Example)
  • Well Logs and Cores
  • High-Resolution Biostratigraphy
  • Sea-Level Cycle Charts
  • Prediction of Lithofacies and Depositional Environments
  • Reservoir Exploitation and Production
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseConclusions and Current Controversies (s1100) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Sequence Stratigraphic Model
  • Nomenclature
  • Sea Level Curves and Global Eustasy
  • The Question of Data Bases
expand/collapseStratigraphic Disciplines and Sequence Stratigraphy (t37151)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Stratigraphic Disciplines and Sequence Stratigraphy (s37152) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Stratigraphy and Stratigraphic Disciplines
  • Stratigraphic Surfaces and Time
  • Material-based Stratigraphic vs. Chronostratigraphy
  • Sequence Stratigraphy as a Stratigraphic Discipline
  • Theoretical Foundations for Stratigraphic Surfaces
expand/collapseHistorical Development of Sequence Stratigraphic Concepts and Methods (s37158) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Outcrop studies, pre-1977
  • Exxon Sequence Stratigraphic Model
  • Genetic Stratigraphic Sequence
  • Time-based Sequence Model
  • Transgressive-Regressive “T-R” Sequence
  • Another Time-based Depositional Sequence Boundary
  • Summary
  • References
expand/collapseMaterial-based Surfaces of Sequence Stratigraphy (s37167) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Material-based Surfaces
  • Subareial Unconformity
  • Regressive Surface of Marine Erosion (RSME)
  • Shoreline Ravinement (SR)
  • Maximum Regressive Surface (MRS)
  • Maximum Flooding Surface (MFS)
  • Slope Onlap Surface (SOS)
  • Sequence Stratigraphic Surface vs. Lithostratigraphic Surface
  • References
expand/collapseBase Level Change Model for the Generation of Sequence Stratigraphic Surfaces (s37176) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Base Level Change Introduction
  • Model Variance
  • References
expand/collapseTime-Based Surfaces of Sequence Stratigraphy (s37247) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Time Based Surfaces Introduction
  • Chronostratigraphic Surfaces
  • Old Surfaces / New Definitions
  • Conceptual Surfaces BSFR and CC
expand/collapseUnits of Sequence Stratigraphy - Sequences (s37252) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Genetic Stratigraphic Sequence
  • Introduction to the Depositional Stratigraphic Sequence
  • Determining the Validity of a Proposed Depositional Sequence Boundary
  • Exxon Material-based Depositional Sequence Boundaries
  • Valid, Material-based, Depositional Sequence Boundaries
  • Time-based Depositional Sequence Boundaries
  • Employing the Basal Surface of Forced Regression
  • Summary
expand/collapseUnits of Sequence Stratigraphy - Systems Tracts (s37261) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Systems Tracts Introduction
  • Material-based Approach with Three Systems Tracts
  • Material-based Approach with Two Systems Tracts
  • Time-based Approach for Systems Tracts
  • Time-based Approach with Four Systems Tracts
  • Time-based Approach with Three Systems Tracts
  • Summary of the Various Classification Schemes for Systems Tracts
expand/collapseUnits of Sequence Stratigraphy - Parasequences (s37268) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Parasequences Introduction
  • Parasequence as a Lithostratigraphic Unit
  • Parasequence versus Sequence
  • Summary
expand/collapseSequence Boundary Hierarchy (s37273) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sequence Boundary Introduction
  • Theoretical Hierarchy
  • Why a Theoretical Hierarchy is not Practical
  • Empirical Hierarchy
  • Assessing Sequence Boundary Magnitude
  • First and Second Order Boundaries
  • 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Order Boundaries
  • Greenhouse Boundaries versus Icehouse Boundaries
  • Establishing a Hierarchy for a Basin
  • Summary Sequence Boundary Hierarchy
expand/collapseBase Level Drivers (s37284) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Drivers of Base Level Change
  • Eustatic Sea Level Change as a Base Level Driver
  • Recognizing Eustatically - Generated Sequence Boundaries
  • Tectonics as a Base Level Driver
  • Extent of Tectonically - Generated Sequence Boundaries
  • Base Level Drivers Summary
expand/collapseCorrelation with Sequence Stratigraphy (s37292) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Sequence Stratigraphic Surfaces Useful for Correlation
  • Correlating Interbedded Nonmarine and Shallow Marine Strata
  • Correlation in Fluvial Strata
  • Correlating Deep Marine Siliciclastics
  • Correlating Carbonate Strata
  • Summary
expand/collapseSequence Stratigraphy - Facies Analysis Applied to Petroleum Geology (s37300) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Facies Analysis Introduction
  • Sequence Analysis and Facies Prediction
  • Concluding Remarks
expand/collapseMicropaleontology For Petroleum Exploration (t36879)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseOverview (s36882) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Reasons for employing biostratigraphy and paleoenvironment
  • What is covered in this course and what is not
expand/collapseModern Paleontology (s36883) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Why use micropaleontology
  • Biostratigraphy, zonation, resolution
  • Concepts, definitions, application, limitations
  • Factors affecting the quality of the biostratigraphic record
  • Biostratigraphic correlation
  • Caution in utilizing biostratigraphic correleation by itself
expand/collapsePetroleum and microfossils (s36884) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Some oceanography
  • Continental Margins
  • Microfossiles in paleoenvironmental studies
  • Paleobathymetry (depth zonation)
expand/collapseBiofacies (s36885) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Biofacies Analysis
  • Causes of difficulty (Pitfalls in biostratigraphic and biofacies analysis
  • Microfossils through geologic time
  • Habit of Petroleum
  • Deep-Sea Drilling and its contribution to Marine Geology and Micropaleontology
expand/collapseChronostratigraphy and Microfossils (t36880)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseMicrofossil Datasheets (s36886) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Microfossils through geologic time
  • Microfossil Nomenclature
expand/collapseMicrofossil Collection and Preparation Techniques (s36887) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Samples, Cuttings and Cores
  • Microfossil Preparation Techniques
  • Microfossils Requiring Extractive Techniques
  • Sources of Contamination
expand/collapseChronostratigraphy and Geochronology (s36888) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Chronostratigraphic sections and international consensus
  • Emergence of the Absolute Time Scale
  • A new time scale
expand/collapseChronostratigraphy (s36889) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Isotope
  • Isotopes
  • Conventions
  • Oxygen Isotope Basics
  • Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy
  • Strontium Isotopes
expand/collapseChemostratigraphy (t37415)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseAnalytical techniques for Chemical Properties of Strata (s37416) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Applications of Chemostratigraphy
expand/collapseChemostratigraphic Correlation Frameworks (s37419) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Chemostratigraphic Correlation Frameworks
  • Chemostratigraphic Correlation
expand/collapseCharacterization of Sedimentary Sequences  (s37422) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Characterization of Sedimentary Sequences Introduction
  • Organic-rich Turbidites
  • Volcanic Turbidites
  • Calcareous Turbidites
  • References
expand/collapseOngoing Development in Biostratigraphy (t36881)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSequence Biostratigraphy (s36890) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Unconformities
  • Sequences
  • High resolution sequence stratigraphy
  • Graphic Correlation
expand/collapseThermal Alteration Microfossiles (s36891) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Integrated Stratigraphic Analysis
expand/collapseConsultants Reports (s36892) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Selecting a Consultant
expand/collapseMagnetostratigraphy (t37005)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseFundamentals of Magnetostratigraphy (s37006) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Historical Background
  • Theoretical
  • Magnetic Mineralogy
  • Magnetic Minerals
  • Other Ferromagnetic Minerals
expand/collapseMagnetic Domains (s37013) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Magnetization of Fine-grained Particles in Rocks
  • The Origin of Remanent Magnetization in Rocks
  • Remanent Magnetization
expand/collapseField Methods (s37017) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Field Methods
  • Analytical Equipment
  • Depositional Environments
  • General Age of the Strata
  • Sampling Procedures
  • Sampling Theory
  • Sampling in the Field
  • Hand sampling
  • Sampling with a Pomeroy Drill
  • Sampling for Age Calibration
expand/collapseTypes of Analytical Equipment (s37028) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Field Free Space
  • Cryogenic Magnetometer
  • Spinner magnetometer
  • Laboratory Techniques
  • Alternating Field Demagnetization Equipment
  • Thermal Demagnetization
  • Thermal Demagnetization Furnaces
  • Chemical Demagnetization
  • Determining the Demagnetization Techniques to be Used on a Suite of Samples
  • Graphical Techniques for Displaying Results
  • Identification of the Primary and Secondary Components of Remanence
  • Precision of the Data
  • Field Tests for Accuracy of the Paleomagnetic Data
  • Developing a Local Paleomagnetic Polarity Reversal Scale
  • Tectonic Interpretation of Basin Subsidence History
  • Downhole techniques
  • Applications in the Petroleum Industry
  • References Cited
expand/collapseGeochronological Dating Techniques (t37181)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIsotopic Dating Techniques (s37182) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Isotopic Dating Introduction
  • K-Ar Dating
  • U-Pb and Th-Pb Dating
  • References
expand/collapseFission Track Dating (s37187) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Fission-Track Dating Introduction
  • Theory behind the Dating Technique
  • Criteria Essential for Apatite FTD Application
  • Sample Collection Field Methods
  • Laboratory Sample Preparation
  • Choosing the Grains
  • Dating the Sample: The External Detector Method
  • References

Structure, Tectonics and Rock Deformation

expand/collapsePetroleum Geomechanics (t38537)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseFundamental Concepts of Geomechanics (s38538) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview of Geomechanics Concepts
  • Stress
  • Mohr's Circle
  • Strain
  • Linear Elasticity
  • Anisotropy
expand/collapseRock Deformation (s38547) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Rock Deformation Introduction
  • Elastic-Plastic Processes
  • Brittle Processes
  • Ductile Processes
  • Time-Dependent Processes
expand/collapseRock Mechanical Properties (s38614) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Rock Mechanical Properties
  • Laboratory Testing of Static and Elastic Properties
  • Laboratory Testing of Rock Strength
  • Geophysical Methods for Measuring Elastic Properties
  • Geophysical Methods for Estimating Rock Strength
expand/collapseEarth Stress (s38635) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Earth Stress
  • Determining the Contemporary State of Stress
  • Borehole Measurements
  • Observations on Stress in Sedimentary Rocks
  • Modeling Horizontal Stress
expand/collapseMechanical Earth Model (s38657) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Sources of Data
  • The Mechanical Earth Model (MEM)
  • MEM Workflow
expand/collapseApplications of Geomechanics (s38686) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Geomechanical Applications
  • Completion Applications: Sanding
  • Completion Applications - Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Completion Applications: Fracturing Horizontal Wells
  • Reservoir Geomechanics
expand/collapseStructural Geology (t37865)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseExamples of Recent Plate Tectonic Movement (s37866) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Plate Tectonic Movement Overview
  • Transform Fault Systems
  • Subduction Zones
  • Fold and Thrust Belts
  • Rifting Systems
expand/collapseStress and Strain  (s37893) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Stress and Strain Overview
  • Stress
  • Deformation and Strain
  • Strain Ellipsoid
  • Rock Strength
  • Mechanical Properties Logs as an Estimate of Formation Strength
expand/collapseFolds (s37874) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Folds
  • Description of Folds
  • Basic Fold Geometry and Orientation
  • Fold Mechanisms and the Distribution of Strain
  • Minor Structures Associated with Folding
  • Pressure Solution and Stylolitization
expand/collapseFaults (s37883) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Faults Overview
  • Dip Slip and Strike Slip Faults
  • Fault and Fault Zone Material: Sealing and Communication Aspects
  • Structures Associated with Faults
  • Principle Stress Directions in the Development of Faulting and Fracturing
  • Thrust Faults, Tear Faults, and Transform Faults
  • Recognizing Faults in Well Logs
expand/collapseJoints and Fractures (s37902) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Joints and Fractures Overview
  • Influence of Lithology and Bed Thickness
  • Basic Techniques for Determining Fracture Orientation
  • Fault Associated Fractures
  • Fold Associated Fractures
  • Wellbore Breakouts and In Situ Stress
expand/collapseUnconformities and Structures of Non-Tectonic Origin (s37911) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Importance of Unconformities
  • Recognizing Unconformities
  • Structures of Non-tectonic Origin
expand/collapseStructural Styles: Tectonic (s37961) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Tectonic Structural Styles Overview
  • Classification of Extensional, Compressional, and Strike-Slip Styles
  • Extensional Styles: Basement Involved
  • Extensional Styles: Basement Not Involved
  • Compressional Styles: Basement Involved
  • Compressional Styles: Basement Not Involved
  • Strike-Slip Tectonics: Wrench Faults
expand/collapseStructural Styles: Non-Tectonic and Intracratonic (s37971) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Non-Tectonic and Intracratonic Structural Styles
  • Differential Loading: Salt Tectonics
  • Differential Loading: Shale Structures
  • Differential Loading: Gravity Structures
  • Intracratonic (Vertical) Tectonics: Basement Warps
expand/collapseProcess Modeling of Structural Geology (s37981) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Purpose of Modeling
  • Restoration Techniques
  • Laboratory Experiments and Analogue Modeling
  • Numerical Modeling
  • Process Modeling and Compressional Structural Styles
  • Process Modeling and Extensional Structural Styles
  • Process Modeling and Strike-Slip Structural Styles
expand/collapsePlate Tectonics and Sedimentary Basins  (t38315)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Plate Tectonics and Sedimentary Basins (s38316) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Plate Tectonics and Petroleum Geology
  • Basic Concepts of Plate Tectonics
  • Plate Tectonic Model Introduction
  • Divergent Plate Boundaries
  • Convergent Plate Boundaries
  • Transform Plate Boundaries
expand/collapsePlate Tectonics  (s38333) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Evidence for Plate Tectonics
  • Plate Motion
  • Paleogeographic Reconstructions
  • The Cyclicity of Plate Tectonics: The Wilson Cycle
  • Plate Tectonics and Hydrocarbon Exploration
expand/collapseSedimentary Basins (s38354) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Geological Characteristics
  • Basin Analysis and Petroleum Systems
  • Mechanisms of Basin Formation
  • Stratigraphy and Depositional Patterns
  • Basin Classification and Hydrocarbons
expand/collapseDivergent Margins and Rift Basins (t59)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSedimentary Basins and Continental Margins (s1116) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Divergent Margins
  • Transtensional Margins
  • Convergent Margins
  • Rift Basins
  • Sag Basins
expand/collapsePetroleum Habitat (s1117) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Source Beds, Traps and Reservoirs
  • Thermal Maturation
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseRifting and Basin Development (s1118) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Geophysical Expressions
  • Rift Development Theories
  • Mechanics of Rifting
  • Tectonics and Divergent Margin and Rift Basin Development
  • Subsidence in Convergent Margin and Rift Basin
  • Sedimentary Processes: Overview
  • Sedimentary Processes During Rifting and Extension
  • Development of Passive Margin Sequences
  • Sedimentary Patterns: Influencing Factors
  • Classification of Divergent Margin and Rift Basins
expand/collapseStructural Styles and Trapping Mechanisms (s1909) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Normal and Transfer Faulting
  • Subsidence-Related Structures
  • Salt Structures
expand/collapseNonmarine Basins in the Continental Interior (s1119) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Eastern China
  • Rhein Graben
  • Sudan
  • East Africa
  • Rio Grande Rift
  • Dead Sea Rift
  • Yemen
  • Benue Rift
expand/collapseMarine Basins in the Continental Interior (s1120) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • North Sea Region
  • West Siberian Basin
  • Sirte Basin
  • Gulf of Suez
  • Michigan Basin (and Similar Basins)
expand/collapseProto-Oceanic Basins (s1121) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden
expand/collapseSubsided Divergent Margins (s1122) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Niger Delta Basin
  • Ivory Coast
  • North Atlantic
  • South Atlantic
  • Australia
  • India
  • Gulf of Mexico
expand/collapseExploration Considerations (s1910) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Guidelines
expand/collapseConvergent Margin Basins (t60)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseConvergent Margins (s1123) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Placement in the Plate Tectonic System
  • General Characteristics
  • Significance in Petroleum Geology
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseBasin Classification and Development (s1124) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Crustal Layering
  • B-Type (Benioff, or Sumatra-Type) Basins
  • A-Type (Alpine, or Mediterranean-Type) Basins
  • Andean-Type Basins
expand/collapseBasin Development (s1127) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Process Description
  • Trenches
  • Accretionary Wedges
  • Forearc Basins
  • Backarc Basins
  • Variations in Subduction Zones
  • Heat Variations vs. Faulting
  • Basin Development on Cratons and Divergent Margins
  • Basin Development Models
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseForeland Basins and Associated Structures (s1128) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Quantitative Modeling of Basin Dynamics
  • Development Models: Appalachian Basin
  • Fault Bend, Fault Propagation and Detachment Folds
  • Duplexes and Imbricate Thrust Systems
  • Piggy-Back Basins
  • Other Structural Features
expand/collapsePetroleum Habitat (s1125) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sedimentation and Structure
  • Petroleum Generation
  • Petroleum Migration
  • Petroleum Entrapment
expand/collapseConvergent Tectonic Regimes (s1126) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sumatra/Java
  • Japan
  • Alaska: Cook Inlet Basin
  • California
  • Arkoma Basin, South-Central U.S.
  • Makran Coast, Iran/Pakistan
  • Carpathian Arc
  • Central and Southern Alps and Apennies
  • Caribbean Subduction Complex
  • Papua-New Guinea
  • Zagros Trend
  • Andean Belt
expand/collapseExploration Considerations (s1129) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Approach

Geochemistry

expand/collapseIntroduction to Petroleum Chemistry (t61)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapsePetroleum (s1130) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Organic Orgin
  • Properties and Composition
  • Principal Subdivisions
  • Application of Data
  • Geochemical Base
  • API Gravity
expand/collapseHydrocarbon Groups (s1131) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Saturated Hydrocarbons (Alkanes)
  • Normal Alkanes
  • Branched Alkanes
  • Cycloalkanes
  • Unsaturated Hydrocarbons (Arenes)
  • Applications of Saturated Hydrocarbon Data
  • Applications of Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Data
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseResins (s1134) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Description
  • Heteroatom Designations
  • Heterocompound Designations
  • Applications of Resin Data
expand/collapseAsphaltenes (s1135) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Description
  • Designations
  • Applications of Asphaltene Data
expand/collapseOrganic Matter: Progenitor of Petroleum (s1137) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Carbon Cycle
  • Biological Processes
  • Preservation Processes
  • Composition of Organic Matter
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseOrganic Matter Maturation (s1138) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Diagenesis
  • Kerogen Classification
  • Products of Diagenesis
  • Catagenesis and Metagenesis
  • Process Overview
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseGeochemical Evaluation Overview (s1139) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Source Rock Studies
  • Correlation Studies
expand/collapseSource Potential (Inherent) (s1140) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Kerogen Richness
  • Kerogen Proneness
expand/collapseSource Potential (Realized): Kerogen Evaluation (s5193) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Thermal Alteration Index
  • Conodont Alteration Index
  • Vitrinite Reflectance
  • Fluorescence
  • Pyrolysis
expand/collapseSource Potential (Realized): Bitumen/ Petroleum Evaluation (s5194) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Gaseous Hydrocarbons
  • Liquid Hydrocarbons
  • Maturation Characteristics
expand/collapseCorrelation Studies (s5195) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Specific Discriminating Properties
  • Broad Data Assemblages
expand/collapseApplications of Petroleum Geochemistry (t62)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseGeochemical Prospecting (s36941) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Geochemical Prospecting
  • Concepts of Geochemical Prospecting
  • Adsorbed Gas Survey in Integrated Exploration
  • Interpretation of Geochemical Prospecting
  • Advantages of Geochemical Prospecting
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
expand/collapseGeochemical Analyses: Kerogen (s1142) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Organic Carbon Content
  • Maceral Separation
  • Chemical Composition: General Considerations
  • Chemical Composition: Elemental Analysis
  • Chemical Composition: Pyrolysis
  • Special Analyses
expand/collapseGeochemical Analyses: Bitumen/ Petroleum (s1143) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Extraction Techniques
  • Separation Techniques: Asphaltene Precipitation
  • Separation Techniques: Chromotography
  • Separation Techniques: Mass Spectrometry
  • Special Analyses
expand/collapseGeochemical Analyses: Analytical Procedures (s1144) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Organic Carbon Determination
  • Kerogen Separation
  • Kerogen Typing
  • Kerogen Reflectance
  • Elemental Determination
  • Pyrolysis Analysis
  • Pyrolysate Characterization
  • Sample Degassing
  • Micronization Extraction
  • Solvent Extraction
  • Asphaltene Precipitation
  • Liquid Chromotography
  • Gas Chromotography
expand/collapseGeochemical Analyses: Sample Types (s1145) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Guidelines
  • Outcrop Samples
  • Cuttings Samples
  • Core Samples
  • Petroleum Samples
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseGeochemical Analyses: Sampling Procedures (s1146) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Outcrop Specimens
  • Dried Cuttings
  • Canned Cuttings
  • Stored Core
  • Gas Emanations
  • Crude Oil
  • Pressurized Gas
expand/collapseGeochemical Programs in Petroleum Exploration (s1147) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Program Feasibility
  • General Program Sequence
  • Screening Analytical Phase
  • Detailed Analytical Phase
  • Final Interpretation Phase
  • Scheduling and Costs
expand/collapseGeochemistry and Basin Evaluation (s4662) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Analytical Basin Studies
  • Thermal History Basin Studies
  • Mathematical Basin Studies
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseGeochemical Problem Solving (s4663) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Biomarker Applications and Molecular Configurations
  • Biomarker Interpretation
  • Migration Effects
  • Biodegradation and Alteration of Crude Oil
  • Less Common Source Rocks
  • Geochemical Prospecting
  • Concepts
  • Interpretation
  • Advantages
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2

Petroleum Technology for the Non-Engineer

expand/collapseDrilling and Well Completion (t40)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseDrilling Fundamentals (s1148) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Historical Background
  • Surface Drilling Environments
  • Subsurface Drilling Environments
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseRotary Drilling Rig Components (s1149) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Rig Types
  • Basic Rig Functions
  • Hoisting and Rotating Systems
  • Circulating System
  • Well Control System
  • Power Generation/Transmission System
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseDrillstring, Drill Bits and Drilling Fluid (s1150) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Drillstring
  • Drill Bits
  • Drilling Fluids
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseDrilling Operations (s1151) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Planning and Site Preparation
  • Operations Management
  • Drilling Procedure
  • Drilling Problems
  • Well Control
  • Well Evaluation
  • Offshore Drilling
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseWell Completion Technology (s1152) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Completion Methods
  • Completion Procedures
  • Perforation of Cased-Hole Completions
  • Stimulation
  • Sand Control
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseCase Histories, Drilling and Completion Programs (s1153) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Permian Basin, West Texas
  • Prudhoe Bay, Alaska
  • Ekofisk Field, Norwegian North Sea
  • Ghawar Field, Saudi Arabia
expand/collapseProduction Technology (t41)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

BROWSELEARNPRINT
expand/collapseWell Completions (s1156) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Casing and Tubing
  • Downhole Configurations
  • Subsurface Completion Equipment
  • Wellhead and Surface Flow Control Equipment
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseSurface Production Facilities (s1157) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Separation
  • Oil Treatment
  • Oil Metering
  • Gas Treatment and Compression
  • Gas Metering
  • Water Treatment and Disposal
  • Offshore Considerations
  • Field Examples of Production Systems Worldwide
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseProduction System Performance (s1158) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • System Components
  • Inflow Performance
  • Vertical Lift Performance
  • Surface Flow Performance
  • Total System Pressure Loss
  • Gas Well Performance
  • Production System Design Example
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseArtificial Lift (s1159) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Gas Lift
  • Subsurface Pumping
  • Examples of Artificial Lift Applications
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseReservoir Management (t993)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

BROWSELEARNPRINT
expand/collapseRock and Fluid Properties (s1161) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Porosity
  • Permeability
  • Fluid Phase Behavior
  • Fluid Density, Viscosity and Compressibility
  • Wettability and Capillary Pressure
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseNatural Drive Mechanisms in Petroleum Reservoirs (s1162) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Natural Drive Mechanisms
  • Solution Gas Drive
  • Gas Cap Drive
  • Water Drive
  • Gravity Drainage
  • Gas and Gas Condensate Reservoirs
  • Material Balance Relationships
expand/collapseImproved Oil Recovery (s1163) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Waterflooding and Recovery Efficiency
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR)
  • Chemical EOR Processes
  • Thermal EOR Processes
  • Miscible EOR Processes
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseReservoir Simulation (s1164) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basis for Reservoir Modeling
expand/collapseGeosteering: Fundamentals, Planning, and Implementation (t36018)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseDirectional Drilling: The Driving Force in Geosteering (s36019) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Geosteering Overview
  • Directional Drilling Candidates
  • Directional Drilling Hardware: The Bottom Hole Assembly
  • Controlling Trajectory of Directional Wells
  • Directional Drilling Sections
  • Directional Drilling Terminology
expand/collapseDrilling Measurements and Logging Tools (s36026) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Drilling Measurements and Sampling
  • Logging While Drilling Tools
expand/collapsePreparing the Geosteering Plan (s36029) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Know the Target Reservoir
  • The Optimal Geosteering Plan
  • Uncertainty Planning
  • Handling Unexpected Changes in Geology
expand/collapseGeosteering Practices (s36034) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Four Keys to Geosteering Success
  • Geosteering Interpretation Techniques
  • Communication of Target Changes at the Wellsite
  • Common Geosteering Mistakes and How to Avoid them
expand/collapseBest Practices (s36056) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Geosteering Best Practices

Basin and Play Analysis

expand/collapseBasin Analysis (t64)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseBasin Analysis and Petroleum Analysis (s1173) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
expand/collapseBasin Formation Processes (s1174) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Rheology
  • Layered Earth Structure
  • Mechanical and Thermal Loads
  • Load Response: Airy Isostasy Compensation Model
  • Load Response: Flexural Compensation Model
  • Measuring Compensation, Loads and Deflections
  • Rheology and Subsidence Histories
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseGeodynamic Models (s1175) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Kinematic Cooling Models Overview
  • McKenzie Stretching Model
  • McKenzie Model Derivatives
  • Other Cooling Models
  • Cooling Model Examples
  • Tectonostratigraphic Coupling
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseSource Rocks (s1176) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Formation and Preservation of Organic Matter
  • Diagenesis of Organic Matter
  • Hydrocarbons and Kerogen Types
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseMaturation Processes (s1177) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Kerogen Maturation
  • Depth, Temperature and Time Effects
  • Paleothermometry
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseSedimentary Basin Models (s1178) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Quantitative Dynamic Stratigraphy
  • Forward and Inverse Models
  • Characteristics and Limitations
  • Geodynamic Models
  • Sedimentation Models
  • Stratigraphic Models
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseProspect Generation (s1179) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Frontier vs. Mature Basins
  • Impact of Information
  • Impact of Stratigraphic Models
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseBasin Histories and Properties (s1180) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Time and Events in Basin History
  • Walther's Law of Facies Successions
  • Geohistory, Backstrip Analyses
  • Geohistory, Backstrip Diagram Corrections
  • Alternative Decompaction Approaches
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseMathematical Basin Analysis Models (s1181) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Backstripping Models
  • Geodynamic and Thermal Models
  • Model Calibration
  • Maturation Modeling
  • Migration Modeling
  • Thermodynamic Modeling
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseStratigraphic Basin Analysis Models (s1182) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Sequence Stratigraphic Models
  • Seismic Facies Analysis
expand/collapsePlay Analysis (t65)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapsePlay Analysis Introduction (s1183) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Definitions and Objectives
expand/collapsePlay Elements (s1184) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Play Elements Overview
  • Source
  • Maturation
  • Reservoir
  • Migration
  • Seal and Trap
  • Unconventional Plays
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
expand/collapsePlay Controls (s1185) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Basin Classifications
  • Structural Styles
  • Depositional Systems: Overview
  • Clastic Depositional Systems
  • Carbonate Depositional Systems
  • Evaporite Depositional Systems
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
expand/collapsePlay Analysis Methods (s1186) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Sources of Information
  • Play Summary Development
  • Play Summary Presentation
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseRisk Analysis (s1187) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Conventional Play Example
  • Unconventional Play Example
expand/collapsePlay Analysis Case Histories (s5204) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sudan Rift Basin
  • Lower Indus Basin
  • Marib Basin, Yemen
  • Eolian Stratigraphic Traps, San Juan Basin, USA
  • Deep Basin Gas Trap, Western Canada
  • Coalbed Methane, San Juan Basin, New Mexico
  • Shale Gas: Barnett Shale, Texas

Surface Tools and Methods

expand/collapsePhotogeology and Remote Sensing (t63)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseRemote Sensing Fundamentals (s1166) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Electromagnetic Energy and Electromagnetic Spectrum
  • Interaction Mechanisms
  • Image Characteristics
  • Types of Remote Sensing Systems
expand/collapseAerial Photographs from Aircraft and Satellites (s1167) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Characteristics
  • Photomosaics
  • Stereo Pairs and Photogeology Interpretation Example: Wyoming, USA
  • Low Sun-Angle Photographs
  • Normal and IR Color Photographs
  • High-Altitude Photographs and Photographs from Space
expand/collapseLandsat Satellite Images (s1168) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Satellite Orbit Patterns
  • Image Index System
  • Landsat Satellites
  • Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS)
  • Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Operational Land Imager (OLI)
  • Landsat TM Image Geologic Interpretation Example: Wyoming, USA
  • Landsat TM Image Geologic Interpretation Example: Irian Jaya, Indonesia
  • Image Processing
  • Additional Examples of Landsat Geologic Interpretation Projects
expand/collapseOther Earth Resource Satellite Images: SPOT, JERS-1, IRS, and RESURS (Resource) (s1169) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • SPOT Satellite (France)
  • SPOT Image Geologic Interpretation Example: Algeria 
  • SPOT Stereo Images
  • SPOT Stereo Pair Geologic Interpretation Example: Wyoming, USA 
  • Comparison of SPOT and Landsat Images
  • JERS-1 Satellite (Japan)
  • IRS Satellites (India)
  • RESURS (Resource) Satellites (Russia)
expand/collapseThermal Infrared Images (s1170) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Thermal Properties and Processes
  • Thermal IR Image Geologic Interpretation Examples
  • Landsat Thermal IR Images
  • Other Thermal IR Systems
expand/collapseRadar Images (s1171) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Aircraft Radar Systems
  • Stereo Pair Radar Images
  • Radar Image Characteristics: Look direction
  • Radar Image Characteristics: Highlights and Shadows
  • Radar Image Characteristics: Image Foreshortening (Layover)
  • Radar Image Characteristics: Dielectric Properties and Backscatter Coefficient
  • Radar Image Characteristics: Surface Roughness
  • Radar Image Characteristics: Polarization and Interferometry
  • Satellite and Spacecraft Radar Systems
  • Radar Interaction in Forested and Vegetated Terrain
  • Radar Geologic Interpretation Example of Tropical Terrain: Irian Jaya, Indonesia
  • Radar Geologic Interpretation Example of Desert Terrain: Eastern Sahara, Sudan
expand/collapseRemote Sensing Applied To Petroleum Geology (s37600) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Swamp Terrain in Equatorial Africa Exploration Project
  • Papua New Guinea Exploration Project
  • Central Arabian Arch Exploration Project
  • Summary
expand/collapseGeographical Information Systems (t36166)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Geographical Information Systems (s36168) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Content Outline
expand/collapseGIS Design and Systems (s36172) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Principles of GIS Design
  • Types of Data
  • Typical GIS Systems and Structures
expand/collapseGeodetic Frameworks (s36176) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Background
  • Datums
  • Ellipsoids
  • Projections
  • Height Datum
  • Line Definitions
expand/collapseGeneral and Background GIS Data (s36183) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Raster and Vector Data
  • Digital Elevation Models
  • Historical Data
expand/collapseExploration and Production GIS Data (s36188) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Exploration Phase
  • Production Phase
  • Attributes and Associated Data

Petroleum Geophysics

Introductory Topics and Seismic Signals

expand/collapseFundamentals of Exploration Geophysics (t37759)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapsePetroleum Geophysics Overview (s37760) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • History of Geophysics
  • The Evolution of the Geophysicist
  • The Evolution of Seismic Technology
  • Finding Hydrocarbon Accumulations
expand/collapseSeismic Methods  (s37775) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Seismology
  • Seismic Wave Types
expand/collapseSignal Theory (t38060)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseSignal Theory Introduction (s38061) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Signal Theory Introduction
  • Digital Representation of Waveforms
  • Sampling Precision
  • Sampling Frequency
  • Signal Reconstruction
expand/collapseWaveform Theory (s38069) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Single Sinusoid Waveform
  • Adding Sinusoids
  • Adding Harmonics and the Fourier Series
  • Line Spectra
  • Fourier Integral
  • Amplitude Spectrum
  • Phase Spectrum
  • Phase Spectra
  • Minimum Phase Spectrum
  • Summary of Waveform Characteristics
expand/collapseOperators (s38084) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Linearity
  • Frequency Response of Linear Operators
  • Time Response of Linear Operators
  • Superposition and Convolution
  • The Complete Fourier Series
  • Differentiation of Waveform
  • Integration of Waveforms
  • Differentiation and Integration Relations
  • Filters
expand/collapseSignal Improvement (s38117) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Signal-to-Noise Ratio
  • Filtering and Stacking
  • Deconvolution
  • Signal Improvement Summary
expand/collapseCorrelation Techniques (s38278) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Cross-correlation Function
  • Auto-correlation Function
  • Pulse Compression Technique
  • System Impulse Response
  • Auto-correlation Application
expand/collapseSeismic Pulse (t38289)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseSource Signal Theory  (s38290) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Source Theory
  • Explosive Source Types
  • Impulsive Surface Sources
  • Marine Sources
expand/collapseAttributes of the Seismic Pulse (s38301) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Source Array Response
  • Measurement of the Source Array Response
  • Acoustic Impedance and Particle Velocity in Rock
expand/collapseThe Propagating Pulse (s38308) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Source Signature
  • Spherical Spreading
  • Attenuation and Absorption
  • Scattering
expand/collapseSeismic Ray Theory (s38325) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Snell's Law and Fermat's Principle
  • Huygens' Principle
  • Ray Tracing
expand/collapseWaveform to Geologic Model  (t37918)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseRock Properties and the Seismic Response (s37919) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Define Measured Seismic Attributes and Rock Properties
  • Forward Modeling Overview
  • Full Wave Imaging
expand/collapseRock Properties and Seismic Velocity (s37926) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Relating Seismic Velocity to Density in a Thin Section
  • Defining Shear Velocity
  • Shear Velocity and Grain Contacts
  • Defining Compressional Velocity
  • Compressional Velocity and Grain Contacts
  • Using Compressional/Shear Velocity Ratio to Define Velocity
expand/collapseRock Properties and the Velocity-Density Relationship (s37936) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Velocity-Density Relationship
  • Factors Affecting the Velocity-Density Relationship
  • Velocity-Density in Shales
  • Velocity-Density Relationship in Sandstones
  • Density in Carbonates and Other Rocks
expand/collapseRock Properties and Seismic Attributes (s37945) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Seismic Attributes
  • Defining Geology with Time Based Attributes
  • Changes in Velocity
  • Reflection Strength Attributes
  • Reflection Polarity and Character
expand/collapseCorrelating Seismic Data to Geologic Events (s37954) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Seismic Interpretation
  • Seismic Stratigraphy
  • Detecting Oil and Gas
expand/collapseSeismic Reflection (t38376)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseReflection Theory (s38377) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Reflection Concepts
  • Reflection at Normal Incidence
  • Transmission at Normal Incidence
  • Convolution and Superposition Models
  • The Fresnel Zone
expand/collapseDiffuse Reflections and Multiples (s38435) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Diffuse Reflections
  • Buried Focus Effect
  • Transmission Decay and Reflection
  • Introduction to Multiples
  • Types of Multiples
expand/collapseReflection and Geologic Interfaces (s38443) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Geological Interface Overview
  • The Tuning Effect
  • Non-Depositional Reflectors
  • Depositional Reflectors
expand/collapseRefraction Theory & Non-Normal Incidence (s38491) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Basic Theory of Seismic Refraction
  • Refraction Interpretation Methods
  • Non-Normal Incidence
  • Mode Conversion
  • Practical Uses for Mode Conversion

Seismic Instruments and Field Techniques

expand/collapseIntroduction to Field Work (t72)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Field Work (s1219) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseImproving the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (s1220) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Ambient Noise Reduction
  • Coherent Noise Reduction
  • Scattered Noise Reduction
  • Arrays and Groups
  • Ghost Reflections
expand/collapseMultiple Coverage in Action (s1221) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Multiple Coverage Assumptions
  • 2D Coverage
  • 3D Coverage
  • Converted Wave
expand/collapseRecording Instruments (s1222) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Station Selection
  • Amplification
  • Fine Tuning the Signal
  • Recording
  • Wireless Recording Systems
  • Equipment Testing
  • The Total System
expand/collapseThe Land Seismic Source (s1223) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Explosive Sources
  • Other Shooting Methods
  • Non Explosive Sources
expand/collapseThe Land Seismic Receiver (s6004) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseThe Seismic Record (s6005) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Event Identification
  • Spatial Sampling
expand/collapseAcquisition Constraints (s6006) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Typical Numbers
expand/collapseMaps and Imagery in Seismic Planning (s37243) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Maps and Imagery in Seismic Planning
  • Google Earth and Mapping Tools
expand/collapseCosts and Contracts (s6007) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Contractual Considerations
  • Typical Seismic Contract.
expand/collapseMarine Work (s6008) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Typical Seismic Vessel Specifications
  • Seismic Vessel Overview
  • Shipboard Processing
  • Marine Streamers and Recording Instruments
  • Streamer Maintenance
  • Marine Seismic Source
  • Water Guns
  • Source Signatures
expand/collapseThe Transition Zone (s6009) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Making the Transition
  • Special Equipment
expand/collapseMulti-Component Data (s6010) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseOrganization of the Field Crew (s6011) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Organizing the Field Crew
expand/collapseSafety (s6012) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseThe Location of Seismic Lines (s6013) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Objectives and Considerations
expand/collapseThe Observer's Report (s6014) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseSurveying and Mapping on Land (t75)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseObjectives and Requirements (s1224) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Surveying and Mapping on Land
  • Objectives and Requirements
expand/collapseThe Figure and Rotation of the Earth (s1225) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Figure and Rotation of the Earth
expand/collapseFrames of Reference (s1226) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Frames of Reference
  • Map Projections
  • Grid Systems
  • Databases
  • Noncoordinate Systems
expand/collapseSurveying Methods (s1227) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Surveying Instruments
  • Surveying Methods
  • Curvature Refraction and Parallax
expand/collapseLand Surveying in Practice (s1228) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Land Surveying in Practice
  • Azimuth Determinations
  • Line Layout
  • Field Notes
  • Survey Closure
  • Quality Control
  • Survey Monumentation
  • The Surveyor's report
expand/collapseSatellite Positioning Methods (s1229) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Satellite Positioning Methods
  • System Errors
  • Point-Positioning Surveys by 3-D Fixes
  • More Notes on Doppler Effect
  • The Global Positioning System
  • Carrier Vs. Code
  • Differential Positioning
  • Setting Control
  • Specifications of a Land GPS Receiver
expand/collapsePositioning and Mapping at Sea (t76)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Positioning and Mapping at Sea (s1231) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Introduction
expand/collapseTowed Streamer Acquisition (s1232) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Marine Seismic Operations
  • Definition of Coordinate Reference Frame
  • Source, Receiver and Common Depth Point Coordinates
  • Survey Design, 3D Binning Grids and Sail-Line Definitions
  • Acquisition, Logging, Processing and QC of navigation data
expand/collapseSatellite Positioning Systems (s1233) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Development of Satellite Positioning Systems
  • GPS and Differential GPS
  • Tail-buoy tracking and Secondary Vessel Positioning
  • GPS Vessel Orientation
  • GPS in Summary
expand/collapseSecondary Positioning Systems (s1234) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Secondary Positioning Systems
  • Vessel Gyro
  • Acoustic Networks and Ranges
  • Laser Gun-Float and Buoy Positioning
  • Cable Compasses
  • Gun and Cable Depth Sensors
  • Offsets, Lay-backs and Along-Cable measurements
  • Echo Sounders
expand/collapsePositioning Systems Calibration (s1235) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Static Calibration
  • Dynamic Calibration
  • Magnetic Declination and Compass Bias
  • Measuring Water Depths
expand/collapseDefinitions Controls and Checks (s1236) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Contracts and Technical specifications
  • Survey design and Bin Grid Definition
  • Health Safety and Environmental and Operational Considerations
  • Sail-Lines, Coverage, Feather, Bin-Fill and Undershoots
expand/collapseNavigation Data (s1237) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Logging Raw Navigation Data
  • P2 Raw Data
  • Contractors' Navigation Data Processing
expand/collapseNavigation QC and Reporting (s1238) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Navigation Quality Control
  • Statistical Analysis of Error
  • Communication and Reporting
  • Maps, Charts, Post-Plots, Bathymetry and GIS
expand/collapseAdditional Exploration Positioning Requirements (s1239) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview of 2D, OBC, Transition Zone, and 4D Acquisition
  • Exploration Site Investigation and Rig Positioning
expand/collapseNew Developments (s1240) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • RTK, Full-Stream Acoustics, and Wide-swath Shooting
expand/collapseSupplemental Information (s5796) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Brief History of Positioning Technology
  • Geodesy Datums, Spheroids and Projections
  • Water Depth, Tides, Chart Datum, and Bathymetric Charts
  • Implications to Health, Safety and Environment
  • Technical Audit and Survey Audit Considerations
  • Seismic Processing - Navigation Requirements
  • Sample Navigational Technical Specification
  • Survey Design, Bin-Grid and Sail-Lines
  • Radio Positioning Systems
expand/collapseMultiple Coverage (t77)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseBackground (s6198) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • The Development of Multiple Coverage
expand/collapseThe Benefits and Limitations of Multiple Coverage (s6201) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Attenuation of Noise
  • The Redundancy of the Method of Multiple Coverage
  • Velocity Information
  • Spatial Aliasing
  • The Tolerances of Multiple Coverage and Common-midpoint Stacking
expand/collapseThe Surface Diagram (s6207) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • The Source-Receiver Plane
  • The Midpoint Diagram
  • Shots Between Groups
  • The Calculation and Annotation of Fold
  • Surface Diagrams in 3D Acquisition
expand/collapseMultiple Coverage at Sea (s6214) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Achieving Full Coverage
  • Waterbreak Analysis
  • Location of the Source
  • Feathering
  • The Two-ship Operation
  • 3D Coverage
expand/collapseMultiple Coverage On Land (s6222) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • The Rollalong Switch
  • Spread Geometry
  • Irregularities in the Line Progression
  • The Crooked Line
  • 3D Acquisition Geometries
  • Other Operational Considerations
expand/collapseCommon-midpoint Stacking (s6230) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Common-midpoint Stacking
expand/collapseMigration and Multiple Coverage (s6232) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Migration and Multiple Coverage
expand/collapseVertical Seismic Profiling (s6234) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Vertical Seismic Profiling
expand/collapseSummary and Conclusions (s6236) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Summary and Conclusions
expand/collapseArray Design (t78)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseArray Design (s6106) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Array Design
expand/collapseFactors Affecting Group Dimensions (s6108) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Practicality
  • Lateral Resolution
  • Averaging of Plants
  • Ambient Noise
  • The First Breaks
  • The Air Wave
  • Rough Terrain
  • Normal Moveout
  • Formation Dip
  • Spatial Aliasing
  • Suppressing Source Generated Noise
  • Source Generated Noise
expand/collapseApproaches to Array Design (s6121) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Traditional Approach
  • Developments of the Traditional Approach
  • The Stack-Array Approach
  • Relative Advantages of Each Approach
expand/collapseTraditional Array Design (s6126) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Field Testing
  • Traditional Array Design
  • Array Geometries
  • Response of Linear Arrays
  • Frequency Response of A Linear Array
  • Response of the Tapered Array
  • Combinations of Source and Receiver Arrays
  • Optimum Combination of Two Linear Arrays
  • The Chebychev Array
  • Areal Arrays
expand/collapseField Tests Measuring Source Generated Noise (s6137) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Review of Elastic Waves
  • Wave Spread Testing
  • Array Comparison Tests
  • Box Wave Testing
  • Synthesizing Test Arrays From Production Data
  • A Final Note: the Balance
expand/collapseA Universal Approach to Acquisition (s6144) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Range of Velocities
  • Universal Parameters
  • Economic Justification
  • Symmetrical Sampling
expand/collapseArrays in 3D (s6150) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Arrays in 3D Overview
expand/collapseArrays at Sea (s6152) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Hydrophone Arrays
  • Source Arrays
  • Super Long Arrays
expand/collapseVibroseis (t79)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseVibroseis in Principle (s1253) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Vibroseis
  • The Vibroseis Concept
  • Compressing a Sweep into a Pulse
  • Vibroseis System
  • Correlation
  • The Vibroseis Wavelet
  • Cross Correlation
expand/collapseVibroseis in Practice (s1254) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Vibroseis in Action
  • The Vibrator
  • The Vibrator Electronics
  • The Effects of Distortion
  • Instrumental Considerations
  • Practical Considerations in the Fields
  • Special Techniques
  • Specialized Equipment
expand/collapseChoosing the Field Variables (t80)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction and Basic Concepts (s1256) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Scope
  • Defining the Exploration Problem
  • Defining the Geophysical Problem
  • Vertical Resolution
  • Improving the Resolution
  • Deconvolution and Signal Noise Bandwidth
  • Lateral Resolution
expand/collapseJudgements From the Field Data (s1257) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Historical Data
  • Judgements from Field Data
  • Benefits From Processing
expand/collapseField Variables (s5939) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Reasoned Progression for Choosing Field Variables
expand/collapseExperimental Shooting (s1258) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Are Field Experiments Necessary?
  • Test Methods
expand/collapseCriteria for Choosing Field Variables (s1259) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sampling
  • Ranges
  • Receiver Arrays
  • The Source
  • Relation of Source Points to Geophone Stations
  • 3-D Geometries
expand/collapseThe Land Impulsive Source (s5940) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Land Source
  • Source Variables
  • Source Effort
expand/collapseThe Vibroseis Source (s5941) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Vibroseis Overview
  • The Linear Sweep
  • The Nonlinear Sweep
  • Whitening the Spectrum Through Nonlinear Sweeps
  • Signal-to-Noise Considerations
  • Nonlinear Sweep Conclusions
  • Vibroseis Techniques
  • Procedure for Designing a Vibroseis Survey
expand/collapseReceivers and Recording Systems (s5942) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Receiver Overview
  • Recording Systems
expand/collapseMarine and Transition Zone Surveys (s1260) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Differences Between Marine and Land Surveys
  • Sources
  • Streamers
  • Ship Speed and the Stack Array
  • Considerations for Transition-Zone Surveys
expand/collapseConclusions (s5943) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Economic Considerations
  • Factors Affecting the Seismic Program
  • Conclusion
expand/collapseQuality Control in the Field (t81)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Quality Control in the Field (s1262) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Field Quality Assurance in Geophysics
  • Basic Concerns of the Client
  • Specifications
expand/collapseLand Surveys (s1263) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Objectives
  • Instrument Tests
  • Operational Quality
  • Vibroseis
  • Vibroseis Limitations
  • Reporting
expand/collapseMarine Surveys (s1264) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Positioning
  • Sources
  • Instrument and Streamer Tests
  • Missing Shots and Other Problems
  • Reporting
expand/collapseSafety and Environmental Concerns (s1265) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • High Energy Sources
  • Blasting Concerns
  • Avoiding Environmental Damage
  • Driving
  • Helicopter Operations
expand/collapseCost Effectiveness (s1266) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Why Consider Cost Effectiveness
  • Survey Contracts
expand/collapseMulticomponent Seismic Applications (t6105)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Multicomponent Seismic Applications (s6287) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • P- and S-waves
expand/collapseExploration Value (s6289) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction: the Value of P- and S-wave Data
  • Predict Fractures
  • Improved Structural Image
  • Improved P-wave Seismic
  • Predicting Fluid Type
expand/collapseTheory (s6295) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Wave Propagation
  • Shear Wave Splitting
  • Velocity and Rock Properties
  • Conversion
  • Reflection and Refraction
  • Amplitude Variation With offset
expand/collapseShear Source Shear Receiver (s6302) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • The Source
  • The Receiver
  • Polarity Convention
  • Orientation
  • Bandwidth
expand/collapseCompression Source Compression Receiver (s6309) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseCompression Source Shear Receiver (s6311) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Compression Source – Shear Receiver
  • The Reflection Point
  • Polarity Issues
  • Land Converted Wave Acquisition
  • Marine Operations
expand/collapseProcessing (s6317) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Rotation
  • Binning
  • Statics
  • NMO
  • Effect of Lateral Velocity Variation
  • Prestack Depth Migration
  • P and Z Summation
expand/collapseInterpretation (s6326) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Depth Calibration
  • Vp/Vs Analysis
  • Amplitudes
  • Anisotropy
  • Layer Stripping
  • Improved Structural Images
  • Predicting Fluid Type
  • Predicting Lithology
  • Predicting Fractures and Permeability
expand/collapseReview of Best Practices (s6336) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Review of Best Practices

Seismic Processing

expand/collapseBasic Processing (t36504)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseBasic Processing Overview (s36505) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Objective of Seismic Processing
  • Basic Seismic Processing Sequence
  • The Utility of CMP Data
  • Frequency Filtering
  • Array Simulation
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapsePre-Processing and Deconvolution (s36513) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Data Loading and Demultiplexing
  • Trace Editing
  • Gain Recovery and Trace Equalization
  • Datum Corrections
  • Deconvolution
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseStacking and Velocity Analysis (s36521) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • CMP Sorting
  • Velocity Analysis
  • Normal Moveout Correction
  • Multiple Attenuation Dereverberation
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseMigration and Post-Processes (s36529) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Seismic Migration
  • Post-Processes
  • Display
expand/collapseInitial Processes (t36535)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseField Data (s36536) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • SEG Seismic Field Recording Format (SEG-D)
  • SEG Seismic Trade Format (SEG-Y)
  • The Observer Report and Field Notes
  • Initial Checks
expand/collapsePre-Processing Flow (s36542) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Gain Recovery
  • De-Multiplexing
  • Re-Sampling
  • Assigning Geometry
  • Datum Corrections
  • Amplitude Adjustments
  • Trace Editing
  • Commom MidPoint Gather
  • Common Offset Gather
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapsePractical Considerations (s36558) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Choice of Variables and Processing Order
  • Reprocessing
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseVelocities (t36565)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseInfluencing Factors (s36566) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Rock Composition
  • Fracturing
  • Depth and Age
  • Differential Pressure
  • Pore Fluid Properties and Temperature
  • Velocity Variations
  • Summary
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseSeismic Velocities Definition (s36575) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Normal Moveout
  • NMO for Dipping Layer
  • Stacking Velocities
  • Instantaneous Interval and Average Velocities
  • NMO Stretching
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapseVelocity Analysis (s36584) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Constant Velocity Stack Panel
  • Coherence Measures and the Velocity Analysis Display
  • Horizon Velocity Analysis
expand/collapsePractical Considerations for Velocity Analysis (s36591) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Processing Considerations
  • Selection of Velocity Analysis Variables
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseInterpreting and Refining the Velocity Model (s36596) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Picking and Verifying the Velocities
  • Residual NMO Analysis
  • Harmonizing Stacking and Well Survey Velocities
  • DMO
expand/collapseAdditional Technologies (s36601) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Velocity Analysis for Anisotropic Media
  • Tomographic Velocity Analysis
  • Migration Velocity Analysis
expand/collapseStatic Corrections (t36726)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseBasic Concepts (s36727) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Recording Considerations
  • Static Effects on the Stack
  • Statics in the Overall Processing Flow
  • Interpretive Considerations in Statics
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseLong Wavelength Statics (s36733) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Basic Statics Computations
  • Choosing a Seismic Datum
  • Geological Consideration
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapseDeterministic Techniques for Deriving the Near Surface Velocity Models (s36738) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Uphole Surveys
  • Seismic Refraction Theory and Application
  • Refraction Interpretation Methods
  • Tomography Statics
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseShort Wavelength Static (Residual Static) (s36744) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Cross Correlation Methods
  • Surface Consistent Methods
  • Genetic Algorithms
  • Cross-Dip Corrections and 3-D Statics
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseLayer Replacement Techniques (s36750) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • The Effects of an Irregular Sea Floor
  • Layer Replacement by Ray - Trace Modeling
  • Wave Equation Datuming
expand/collapseDeconvolution (t36653)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseConceptual Introduction to Seismic Deconvolution (s37583) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Conceptual Introduction to Seismic Deconvolution
  • Deconvolution When One Signal Is Known
  • Deconvolution When Both Signals Are Unknown
  • Non-Minimum Phase Sources
  • Multi Channel and Surface Consistent Deconvolution
  • Predictive Deconvolution
  • Parameter Selection
expand/collapseBasic Concepts (s36654) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • The Convolutional Model
  • The Seismic Source
  • The Complete Seismic Model
  • Deconvolution in Theory
  • Deconvolution Parameters
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseSingle-Trace Statistical Deconvolution (s36661) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Spiking Deconvolution
  • Zero-Phase Deconvolution
  • Predictive Deconvolution
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseDeterministic Methods (s36665) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Dephasing Versus the Full Wavelet Inverse
  • Deconvolution with a Known Wavelet
  • Deconvolution with Known Reflectivity
expand/collapseMulti-Trace Deconvolution (s36669) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Shot Deconvolution
  • Surface-Consistent Deconvolution
  • Poststack Multi-Trace Deconvolution
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseAlternative Methods of Deconvolution (s36674) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Maximum Likelihood Deconvolution
  • Minimum Entropy Deconvolution
  • L1-Norm Deconvolution
  • Q Deconvolution
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapsePractical Considerations in Deconvolution (s36679) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Comparison Methods
  • Seismic Source
  • Deconvolution - A Suggested Processing Scheme
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseStacking, Filtering and Display (t36607)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseCommon Midpoint Stacking (s36682) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Definitions
  • Prestack Processes
  • The Mean Amplitude Stack
  • Benefits and Limitations
  • Irregular Geometry
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseAlternative Forms (s36688) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Weighting by Mute
  • Weighting by Offset
  • Median Stack
  • Diversity Stack
  • Trimmed Mean Stacking
  • Coherence Stack (or Semblance)
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseVelocity Filters (s36694) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • The Two Dimensional Filter
  • Pre-Stack Filtering
  • Post-Stack Filtering
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseFinal Filtering (s36699) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Band Pass Filters
  • Time Variant Filters
  • Filter Panels
expand/collapseDisplay (s36703) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Final Amplitude Manipulation
  • Display Scales
  • Display Modes
  • Polarity Conventions
  • Plot Annotation
expand/collapseMultiple Attenuation (t37611)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseMultiples and their Characteristics (s37612) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Peg-Leg Multiples
  • Interbed Multiples
  • Long and Short Period Reverberations
  • Dip
expand/collapseMultiple Attenuation Method (s37618) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Attenuation Techniques
  • Multiple Attenuation by Stacking
  • Multiple Attenuation using F- K and Radon Transforms
  • Multiple Attenuation by Prediction
  • Multiple Attenuation by Wave Field Extrapolation
  • Surface Related Multiple Elimination
  • Pressure and Velocity Summation
  • References
expand/collapseSeismic Migration (t36616)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseOverview of Seismic Migration (s36617) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Migration Types
  • Methods
  • Modes
  • Effect of the Seismic Migration on the Geological Features
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
  • Exercise No.4
  • Exercise No.5
expand/collapseSeismic Migration Methods (s36628) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Kirchhoff Migration
  • Finite Difference Migration
  • Fourier Transform Migration
  • Practical Considerations
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseDepth Migration (s36635) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Kirchhof Depth Migration
  • Finite Difference Depth Migration
  • Fourier Transform Depth Migration
  • Practical Considerations
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapse2D Versus 3D Migration (s36642) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Two-Pass and One-Pass Techniques
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseSeismic Migration in Anisotropic Media (s36646) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Migration in VTI Media
  • Other Anisotropic Media
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseSynthetic Seismogram Modeling (t37216)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSynthetic Seismogram (s574) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Principles
  • Log Sampling, General Considerations
  • Sampling Methods
  • Backus Averaging
  • Comparison Section
  • Long-Path Multiples
  • Short-Path Multiples
  • Reflection Pulse
  • Practical Problems and Considerations
  • Matching the Trace to the Seismic Section
  • Applications
  • References
  • Recommended Reading
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3

Seismic Interpretation

expand/collapseBasic Seismic Interpretation (t38736)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Seismic Interpretation (s38737) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Process of Seismic Interpretation
  • Where to Pick
  • Where to Time
  • Migrated and Unmigrated Sections and Line Ties
expand/collapseStructural Interpretation (s38738) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Faults and Sedimentary Accumulations
  • Timing of Structural Movements
expand/collapseSeismic Stratigraphy (s38739) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Sedimentary Layers
  • Unconformities
  • Erosional Channels
  • Mound Deposits and Reefs
  • Reef Interpretation
  • Absence of Reflections
expand/collapseSeismic Interpretation Methods (s38740) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Seismic Modeling Introduction
  • Bright, Flat and Dim Spots
  • Crosswell Seismic
expand/collapseInterpretation with Seismic Attributes (s38741) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • 2D and 3D AVO Attributes
  • The Coherence Attribute
  • Instantaneous Attributes
  • Attribute Applications
expand/collapseFault Interpretation  (t38868)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseFaults in Petroleum Provinces (s38869) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • General Issues in Interpretation
expand/collapseStress and Strain (s38870) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Stress
  • Strain
  • Rock Strength, Brittleness and Ductility
  • Principal Stress Directions and Faulting
expand/collapseFault Nomenclature (s38871) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Terminology
  • Normal Faults
  • Thrust Faults
  • Strike-Slip Faults
expand/collapseSeismic Expression of Faults (s38872) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Faults and Diffractions
  • Perfect and Imperfect Migration
  • Fault Plane Reflection Coefficient
  • Steeply Dipping Fault Planes
  • Refracted Fault Plane Reflections
  • Reactivation and Wrenching
expand/collapseFault Data Interpretation (s38873) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Interpretation Rules
  • Fault Plane Maps
  • Basic Principles of Structure Maps
  • The Role of Reflection Time
expand/collapseDivergent Basins: Structural Styles (s38874) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Structural Styles
  • Overview of Divergent Basins
  • Basement-Involved Faulting
  • Growth Faults
  • Salt Movement Faults
  • Shale Movement Faults
  • Gravity-Induced Faulting
expand/collapseConvergent Basins: Structural Styles (s38875) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Basement-Involved Faulting
  • Faulting Without Basement-Involvement
  • Strike-Slip Basins
  • Cratonic Basins
expand/collapseFaults: 3D and Workstation Interpretation (s38876) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Time Slices
  • Fault Slices
  • Case Studies
expand/collapseSeismic Contouring (t39020)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseContouring Fundamentals (s39021) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Shapes and Contours
  • Faulted Structures
  • Relevance of Line Spacing
  • Map Example: Kapuni Field, New Zealand
expand/collapseContouring by Hand: Picking (s39022) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Basic Concepts of Picking
  • General Rules of Picking
  • Location Map
expand/collapseContouring by Hand: Solving Misties (s39023) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Misties
  • Misties in Unmigrated Sections
  • Misties in Migrated Sections
  • Misties Summary
  • Digitizing and Posting
  • Ray Migration and Demigration as a Tool in Handling Misties
expand/collapseContouring by Hand: Practical Procedures (s39024) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Contouring Procedures
  • Some Finer Points of Contouring
  • Rules of Contouring
  • Ethics of Contouring
expand/collapseContouring by Machine (s39025) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Contouring Approaches
  • Gridding Approach
  • Triangular Approach
  • Interactive Workstations
expand/collapseContour Maps: Operations (s39026) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Interval Maps
  • Reservoir Area and Volume Calculations
  • Two-Dimensional Filtering: Trends and Residuals
  • Map Migration
expand/collapseVelocity Interpretation and Depth Conversion (t39106)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSeismic Velocities  (s39107) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Average Velocity
  • Interval Velocity
  • Root-Mean-Square (RMS) Velocity
  • Normal–Moveout (NMO) Velocity
expand/collapseNormalized Interval Velocity (s39108) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Lithology, Age, Pore Pressure and Depth
  • Sand-Shale Ratio
  • Depth-Normalized Velocity Method
expand/collapseWell Velocities (s39109) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sonic Logs
  • Checkshot Surveys
  • Vertical Seismic Profiles
expand/collapseSeismic Velocity Databases (s39110) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Data Preparation
  • Quality Control Techniques
  • Gridding and Smoothing
  • Statistical, Systematic and Geological Errors
expand/collapseTime-Depth Conversion Methods (s39111) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Effects of a Varying Water Layer
  • Constant Function Method
  • Time-Line Method
  • Average Velocity Method
  • Interval Velocity Method
expand/collapseNormalized Interval Velocity Techniques (s39112) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Compaction Curves
  • Iterative Depth Algorithm (IDA)
  • Lithology Determination
  • Interpretation Study Example
expand/collapseAdditional Examples for Time-Depth Conversion (s39113) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Nomenclature and Symbols
  • Layer Cake Depth Conversion
  • Monitoring Depth Conversions Using a Normalized Velocity-Lithology Correlation
expand/collapseHydrocarbon Indicators (t94)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSeismic Methods and Hydrocarbon Detection (s1339) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Historical Perspective
expand/collapseReflections and Seismic Parameters (s1340) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Huygens' Principle
  • Fresnel Zone
  • Amplitude
  • Phase Character
  • Frequency
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseSeismic Attributes and Their Preservation (s1341) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Acquisition of Seismic Data
  • Waveform Processing
  • Amplitude Processing
  • Static Corrections
  • Stacking Velocities and Moveout Correction
  • Dip Moveout Velocities (DMO)
  • Migration and Depth Migration
  • Optimized Processing Sequence for Stratigraphic Objectives
  • Use of Color Displays
  • Examples of Color Displays
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseAmplitude HCIs (s1342) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Geologic Processes
  • Lithology Effects
  • Sand/ Shale Reflectivity Zones
  • Dim Spot: Zones II and III
  • Carbonates and Other Lithologies
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseAmplitude Versus offset (AVO) (s1343) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Energy Partitioning
  • AVO Methods
  • AVO Pros and Cons
  • AVO Modeling
  • AVO Case Studies
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseSeismic Modeling (s1344) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Modeling Approaches
  • Structural Applications
  • Stratigraphic Applications
  • Inverse Models
  • Inverse Modeling Case Studies
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapse3-D Seismic Data, Workstations and Hydrocarbon Indicators (s1345) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Benefits and Display Capabilities
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseShear Waves and Other Hydrocarbon Indicators (s1346) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Shear Waves
  • Multi-Component Surveys
  • Vertical Seismic Profiles (VSPs) and Borehole Tomography
  • 4-D: Time Variant
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseHydrocarbon Indicator Validation (s1347) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Guidelines
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseSeismic Stratigraphic Modeling (t95)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseStratigraphic Prospects (s1348) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Exploration Trends
  • Stratigraphic Traps
  • Seismic Data and Stratigraphic Information
expand/collapseStratigraphic Seismology (s1349) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Resolution
  • Stratigraphic Acquisition
  • Stratigraphic Processing
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseVelocity and the Seismic Response (s1350) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Velocity and Rock Properties
  • Reflection and Acoustic Impedance
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseForward Modeling (s1351) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Integration of Seismic and Subsurface Data
  • Synthetic Seismogram Modeling
  • Multi-Dimensional Modeling
  • Building a Geologic Model
  • Two-Dimensional Modeling: Pinacle Reef
  • Two-Dimensional Modeling: Sand/ Shale Sequence
  • Two-Dimensional Modeling: Gas-Bearing Sand
  • Stratigraphic Models: Case Studies
  • Three and Four-Dimensional Modeling
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseInverse Modeling (s1352) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Inversion Processing
  • Synthetic Sonic Display
  • Case Study
expand/collapseAmplitude vs. offset Analysis (s1353) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Energy Partitioning
  • AVO Models
  • Limitations of the AVO Method
  • Gas and Sand Case Study
  • Exercise No. 1

3D Seismic and Time-Lapse Methods

expand/collapse3D and 4D Seismic (t23455)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapse3D Seismic Techniques: An Overview (s23456) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Introduction
  • 3D Methods Described
expand/collapse3D Seismic Data Acquisition (s23459) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • History and Early Development
  • Survey Design Criteria - Field Parameters
  • Pre-Acquisition Modelling
  • Wide Azimuth Benefits
  • Land Acquisition
  • Swath Shooting
  • Marine Applications
  • Transition Zone Acquisition
  • Navigation and Surveying
expand/collapse3D Seismic Data Processing (s23467) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Seismic Data Pre-processing
  • Velocity Analyses
  • Trace Binning
  • NMO Statics and Stacking
  • Statics Scaling and Stacking
  • Migration
  • In-Field 3D Processing
expand/collapse3D Interpretation Basics (s23475) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Interpretation Introduction
  • 3D Displays
  • Time Slices
  • Composites
  • Colors in 3D Displays
  • Interpretation Workstations
  • Special Interpretation Capabilities
  • Movies
  • Structural Flattening
  • Interpreting and Picking Seismic Data
  • Interpreting Data on the Workstation
  • Interpreting Lines
  • Interpreting Time Slices
  • Interpreting Composite Displays
  • Using Contiguous Lines Time Slices and Movies
  • Tying Interpretations
  • Depth Conversion
expand/collapse3D Interpretation in Practice (s23493) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Structural Overview and Skeleton Interpretations
  • Infill Picking
  • Specialized Techniques
  • Maps and Imagery in Seismic Planning
  • 3D Interpretation - Summary
expand/collapseOverview of 3D Volume Visualization (s23499) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Fundamental Elements
  • Paring the Data
  • Case Studies
  • Visualization Software
expand/collapse4D Seismic Applications (s23505) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Time-Lapse Seismic in Reservoir Monitoring
  • Process Summary
  • Factors Controlling Project Feasibility
  • Designing the 4D Program
  • Case Study
  • Water Injection Case Study

Borehole Geophysics and Non-Seismic Methods

expand/collapseGravity and Magnetics  (t38500)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Gravity and Magnetic Data (s38501) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • The Basic Concepts of Gravity
  • Vectors and the Principle of Superposition
  • Gravity Measurements and Variations in Earth’s Gravity Field
expand/collapseDensity of the Earth (s38502) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Density Computation
  • Density Contrasts
  • Sources of Density Data
expand/collapseModeling the Gravity Effects of Geologic Bodies (s38503) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction and the Infinite Slab Model
  • Thin 2D Prism Model
  • Spherical Approximation Model
  • Semi-Infinite Horizontal Sheet Model
  • Computer Models
expand/collapseReduction and Processing of Gravity Data (s38504) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Latitude Corrections
  • Free-Air Correction
  • Bouguer Correction
  • Corrections for Marine and Airborne Gravity
  • Satellite Gravity
expand/collapseSurface Gravity Interpretation (s38505) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Geologic Applications and Approach
  • Determining the Response
  • Analyzing Data Suitability
  • Determining Residual Gravity
  • Depth Estimation
  • Quantitative Gravity Modeling
expand/collapseBorehole Gravity (s38506) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Borehole Gravity Applications
  • Density from Borehole Gravity
  • Advantages and Features of Borehole Gravity
  • BHGM Density Logging
  • Remote Sensing of Structures
expand/collapseGravity Gradiometry and Time-Lapse Gravity Measurements (s38507) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Gravity Gradiometry Fundamental Concepts
  • Gravity Gradiometry Case History
  • Using Time-Lapse Gravimetry For Reservoir Monitoring
expand/collapseIntroduction to Magnetic Data (s38508) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Basic Concepts of Magnetism
  • Earth's Magnetic Field
  • Magnetic Force Fields
  • Modeling Magnetic Force Fields
  • Introduction to Rock Magnetism
  • Natural Remanent Magnetism
expand/collapseMagnetic Anomalies: Their Geological Significance and Signatures (s38509) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Magnetic Anomalies
  • Basement and Sedimentary Features
  • Intra-Basement Magnetization Contacts
  • Supra-Basement Structural Anomalies
  • Intra-Sedimentary Magnetic Effects
  • Diagenetic Anomalies
  • Ocean Floor Anomalies
  • Basic Magnetic Anomaly Signatures
expand/collapseMagnetic Instruments and Field Surveys (s38510) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Magnetic Survey Design
  • Magnetic Survey Temporal Corrections
  • Magnetometers
  • Aeromagnetic Survey Systems
  • Marine Magnetic Surveys
expand/collapseMagnetic Data Processing and Interpretation (s38511) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Corrections for Expected Variations
  • Data Examination
  • Magnetic Interpretation General Procedure
  • Determining the Response
  • Data Processing
  • Examples of Filtered Maps
  • Depth Estimation
  • Inversion
expand/collapseControlled Source Electromagnetic Methods (t37435)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseOverview (s37436) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseIntroduction to EM and its role in the Petroleum Industry (s37438) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Ohm’s Law and Resistivity
  • Role of Fluids
  • Resistivity, Hydrocarbon Saturation, and Archie’s Law
  • Passive and Active EM
  • Direct Current (DC) Resistivity Measurements
  • Seismic and EM Propagation: The Wave Equation and the Diffusion Equation
expand/collapseFourier Theory (s37445) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Fourier Transform
  • Two-dimensional Fourier Transform
  • Resolution and Bandwidth
  • Similarity Theorem
  • The Impulse Function (δ)
  • Impulse Response
  • Linear Filters and Convolution
  • Convolution Theorem
  • Derivative Theorem
  • Wavefield Transformation
expand/collapseElectromagnetic Waves (s37456) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Maxwell’s Equations
  • Constitutive Relations
  • Electromagnetic Wave Equations
  • Transformation of the Wave Equations to the Frequency Domain
  • Plane Wave Solutions of the Electromagnetic Wave Equations, Skin Depth, Wavelength
  • Electromagnetic Propagation in Air and Free Space
  • Electromagnetic Propagation in Conducting Media: Diffusion Equation
  • Point Electric Dipole Source in an Unbounded Medium
  • Boundary Conditions
  • Point Electric Dipole Source onThe Surface of a half-space
expand/collapsePassive Electromagnetics  (s37467) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Magnetotellurics (MT) Method
  • The MT Receiver
expand/collapseOverview of Controlled-Source Electromagnetic (CSEM) Methods  (s37470) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Conventional Marine CSEM
  • The Evolution of Marine CSEM
  • Conventional Land CSEM: LOTEM
  • Response to an Impulsive Source of Current on Land – The Air Wave
  • Response to an Impulsive Source of Current in Sea Water
  • The MTEM Method
  • Sources of Electromagnetic Noise
  • Interpretation of CSEM Data
expand/collapseSource Control in Controlled Source Electromagnetics (CSEM) (s37479) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Convolutional Model in CSEM
  • Source Control and the Source Time Function
  • Pseudo-random Binary Sequence (PRBS)
  • Response to a Transient Input Signal
  • Square-wave Function
  • Comparison of PRBS and Square Wave Theory
  • Comparison of Square Wave and PRBS Marine CSEM Data
  • Signature Deconvolution Theory
  • Signature Deconvolution Applied to a Whole Line of Marine PRBS Data
  • Frequency Response Functions of PRBS and Square-wave Data
  • Deconvolution Gain
expand/collapseConventional Marine CSEM Data Acquisition and Processing (s37491) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Positioning
  • Clock Drift
  • Acquisition Geometries
  • Data Pre-processing
  • Source Normalization
  • Determination of Rotation Angle
  • Determination of Amplitude and Phase
  • ExxonMobil Examples
expand/collapseLand MTEM Data Acquisition and Processing (s37501) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Impulse Response and Time to the Peak
  • The Impulse Response in Dimensionless Time
  • Frequency Domain Response
  • Variation of Response Time with Offset
  • Bandwidth of Recording
  • Frequency Bandwidth Comparison of MTEM with Other Methods
  • Signal-to-Noise Ratio of MTEM Data
  • Maximizing the Signal
  • Minimizing Noise: Attenuation of Cultural Noise by Polarity Reversals
  • Minimizing Noise: Attenuation of Cultural Noise by Filtering
  • Minimizing Noise: Attenuation of Cultural Noise by Additional Cross-track Measurements
  • Estimating Resistivity from Travel-time Data
expand/collapseMarine MTEM Data Acquisition and Processing (s37514) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Data Acquisition Using Ocean-bottom Cable (OBC)
  • Harding Field Example
  • Data Acquisition
  • Positioning Repeatability Errors
  • Optimization of Source Signal Parameters
  • Frequency Domain Deconvolution
  • Offset Correction
  • Spatially-Correlated Noise Removal
  • Repeatability
  • MTEM Marine Data
expand/collapseEffect of the water layer on marine CSEM data (s37525) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Electrical Conductivity of Sea Water
  • Double Halfspace Response
  • Air-Water-Earth Half-space System: Multiples (Reverberations)
  • Airwave Attenuation for Transient EM
  • The Airwave and Conventional CSEM
expand/collapseModeling and Inversion to Determine Resistivity (s37531) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Problem
  • Inversion as Iterative Forward Modeling
  • Forward Modeling
  • 3D EM Time-lapse Model Building – Harding Example
  • 3D Forward Modeling and 1D Inversion - Harding Example
  • 3D Inversion of 3D Data Including Anisotropy
  • Quantification of Misfit
expand/collapseCrosswell Seismology (t5600)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Crosswell Seismology (s5601) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • History of Crosswell Seismology
expand/collapseWhen to Run a Crosswell Survey (s5602) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Surface Seismic Imaging and Crosswell Imaging
  • Where Does Crosswell Seismology Work?
  • Typical Crosswell Seismic Data Applications
expand/collapseCrosswell Data Acquisition (s5603) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Downhole Sources and Receivers
  • Tube Waves and Their Attenuation
  • Pre-Survey Planning
expand/collapseCrosswell Seismic Data Processing and Analysis (s5604) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Crosswell Seismic Surveys and Surface Seismic Surveys
  • Crosswell Direct Arrival Traveltime Tomography
  • Crosswell reflection Imaging
expand/collapseCrosswell Seismology Recommended Practices (s5608) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Crosswell Seismology Recommended Practices
expand/collapseVertical Seismic Profiles (t6365)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Vertical Seismic Profiles (s6366) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Background
expand/collapseVSP Survey Fundamentals (s6368) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The VSP Measurement Procedure
  • When VSP Should Be Considered
expand/collapseVSP Survey Recording Geometries (s6371) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Offset Walkaway and Zero-offset Geometries
  • Inverse VSP
expand/collapseThe VSP Receiver (s6374) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • General Requirements of VSP Receivers
  • Multi-Level Receiver Arrays
expand/collapseThe VSP Source (s6378) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Requirements of VSP Sources
  • Land-Based VSP Source Mechanisms
  • Offshore Energy Sources
expand/collapseRecording Systems (s6382) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapsePre-Survey Modeling (s6384) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Importance of Pre-Survey Modeling
expand/collapseVSP Acquisition Practices and Concerns (s6386) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Acquisition Practices
  • Acquisition Concerns Unique to VSP
expand/collapseVSP Processing Fundamentals (s6389) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Principles of VSP Processing
  • Wavefield Separation Techniques
  • Deconvolution of VSP Data
  • Shifting VSP Times
  • Comparing the VSP with Surface Seismic Data
  • Processing Three-Component VSP Data
  • VSP Imaging
expand/collapseVSP Applications (s6397) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Interpretation
  • VSP Imaging
  • Use of VSP Data
  • Role of VSP
  • Vsp and Well Completion
  • Salt Proximity Analyses
  • Microseismicity from Borehole Geophone Arrays
  • Shear-Wave Vertical Seismic Profiling
  • 3D VSP
expand/collapseSummary (s6407) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Summary
expand/collapseOther Geophysical Techniques (t996)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseBorehole Velocity Measurements (s573) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Acoustic Logging: Basic Principles
  • Acoustic Logging Tools
  • Acoustic Logging, Surface Equipment
  • Acoustic Logging Procedures
  • Acoustic Log Presentation
  • Acoustic Log, Sources of Error
  • Acoustic Log Editing
  • Velocity Surveys, Basic Principles
  • Well Geophones and Surface Equipment
  • Velocity Survey Procedures
  • Velocity Surveys: Geophone Locations
  • Velocity Surveys: Quality Control
  • Velocity Surveys in Deviated Wells
  • Velocity Surveys and Refraction Effects
  • Velocity Surveys on Land
  • Time-Depth Conversion
  • Vibroseis as a Source
  • Acoustic Log Calibration
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseMicroseismic Studies of Reservoirs (t37056)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseApplications for Microseismic Surveys (s37057) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Microearthquake Introduction
  • Microearthquakes and Pore Pressure
  • Reservoir Studies using Microseismic Surveys
  • Mircoseismic and Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Other Microseismic Applications
  • Microseismic Events Summary
expand/collapseAnatomy of Microseismic Events (s37058) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Microseismic Introduction
  • Wave Types
  • Isotropic Versus Anisotropic Media
  • Velocity Differences
  • Geometric spreading differences
  • Attenuation Differences
  • Dislocation Models for Microearthquakes
  • Microseismic Events in Isotropic Media
  • Microseismic Events in Anisotropic Media
  • Summary
expand/collapseRelating Stress and Pore Pressure to Microseismic Events (s37180) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Stress and Pore Pressure Introduction
  • Basics of Stress, Strain and Pore Pressure
  • Principal Stresses
  • Making Elastic Constants More Intuitive
  • Poroelastic stresses and strains
  • Modeling Reservoir Stress
  • Overburden and Normal Pore Pressure
  • Horizontal Response To Overburden
  • Tectonic Stresses
  • Relating stress and pore pressure
  • Estimating the Three Principal Stresses
  • Summary
expand/collapseFailure Criteria for Microearthquakes (s37110) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Failure Criteria Introduction
  • Compressive Failure
  • Pore Collapse
  • Natural faults and fractures
  • Hydraulically Induced Fractures
  • Determining the extent and nature of fracturing
expand/collapseGetting a First Velocity Model for Event Location (s37117) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Velocity Model Introduction
  • Alignment of geophones
  • Velocity as a function of frequency
  • Building layered anisotropic models
  • Lateral Heterogeneity Between Wells
  • First Velocity Model Summary
expand/collapseUpdating the Velocity Using Microseismic Events (s37124) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Starting Velocity Introduction
  • Finding microseismic locations with a known velocity model
  • Advantages to updating velocity models
  • Fermat’s Principle
  • Unknown Source Location
  • Velocity Model Summary
expand/collapseSource Mechanisms of Microearthquakes (s37217) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Elements of a Source Mechanism Introduction
  • Elements of a Source Mechanism
  • Stress Drop
  • Determining the Source Moment Tensor with Limited Recorders
  • Reservoir Controls upon Source Mechanisms
  • Summary
expand/collapseInterpreting Microseismic Patterns and Source Mechanism Evolution (s37224) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Interpreting Microseismic
  • Finding Faults and Natural Fractures
  • Systematic Changes in Source Mechanisms During Hydraulic Fracturing or Production
  • Summary
expand/collapseMonitoring Shale Gas Through Hydraulic Fracturing (s37228) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Are Shales Homogeneous?
  • Where is the Gas?
  • Recovering Gas from Shale using Hydraulic Fracturing
expand/collapseMicroseismic Monitoring Reservoirs without Hydraulic Fracturing (s37233) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Source Mechanisms for Normal Production
  • Injection Source Mechanisms
  • Pore Pressure Monitoring
  • Saturation Changes
  • Summary
expand/collapseEstimating Reservoir Properties using Microseismic Events (s37199) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Production Changes in Microseismic Events
  • Microseismic Events Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing
expand/collapseDetermining the Best Interval for Production (s37200) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Covariance Matrix for the Production Data 
expand/collapseSurface Seismic Compliment to Microseismic Surveys (s37201) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction Detecting Reservoir Properties Before Drilling
  • Correlating Surface Seismic Attributes with Microseismic Data
expand/collapseThe Future of Microseismic Developments (s37202) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Better Processing for Event Locations and Mechanisms
  • Improved Exploration and Development of Reservoirs
  • Microseismic Surveys Summary

Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum Production Performance

expand/collapseFluid Flow and the Production System (t38341)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseProduction Systems  (s38342) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Production System Overview
  • Reservoir Inflow Performance: Fluid Flow and Permeability
  • Reservoir Inflow Performance: Productivity Index
  • Reservoir Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR)
  • Lift Performance: Flow Regimes and Pressure Gradient Correlations
  • Production System Performance: Adding Surface Control Using Chokes
  • Production System Analysis: An Integrated Approach
expand/collapseInflow Performance Relationship  (s38362) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Inflow Performance Relationship Introduction
  • Inflow Performance Relationship: Influence of Reservoir Characteristics
  • IPR Determination: Vogel Method
  • IPR Determination: Standing's Extension of Vogel's Method
  • IPR Determination: Fetkovich Method
  • IPR and Skin Effect
  • IPR and Flow Efficiency: Standing Type Curves
  • Conducting an Inflow Performance Test
expand/collapseLift Performance  (s38396) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Pipe Pressure Loss Components
  • Variables Affecting Pressure Loss in Pipe
  • Vertical Flow Correlations
  • Horizontal Flow Correlations
  • Pressure Traverse Curves
  • Heading in Flowing Wells
expand/collapseFlowing Well Performance (s38450) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Surface Chokes: General Description
  • Choke Performance Relationships
  • Integrating Inflow, Lift and Surface Performance
  • Applications of Integrated Production System Analysis
expand/collapseProduction Rate Decline Curves (s38458) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Production Rate Decline Curves Overview
  • Decline Types
  • Decline Curve Graphical Representation
  • Constant Percentage Decline Curve Applications
  • Production Data Collections, Analysis, and Smoothing
  • Incorporating Changes in Operating Practice
  • Estimating Gas Well Reserves
expand/collapseArtificial Lift Methods (t37801)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseArtificial Lift Overview (s37802) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Artificial Lift
  • Selecting an Artificial Lift Method
expand/collapseGas Lift (s37806) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Gas Lift System Overview
  • Gas Lift Applications
  • Downhole Installations
  • Gas Lift Valves
  • Gas Lift Valve Mechanics
  • Continuous Gas Lift
  • Intermittent Gas Lift
  • Practical Aspects of Well Unloading and Operation
  • Gas Lift Surface Facilities
expand/collapseReciprocating Rod Pump Systems (s37819) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Rod Pumping Overview
  • Surface Equipment
  • Subsurface Equipment
  • Subsurface Pump Selection
  • Rod String Design
  • API System Design Procedure
  • Pumping Unit Design Procedure – Rapid Analysis
  • Polished Rod Dynamometers
  • Rod Load Versus Displacement
  • System Monitoring: Dynagraphs
expand/collapseProgressive Cavity Pump Systems (s37832) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • PCP System Overview
  • PCP System Components
  • PCP System Applications
  • PCP System Design and Installation
  • PCP Operation
expand/collapseHydraulic Pump Systems (s37840) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Hydraulic Pumping: Overview
  • Subsurface Hydraulic Pumps
  • Downhole Installations
  • Surface Facilities
  • Reciprocating Pumps: System Design
  • Reciprocating Pumps: Operating Considerations
  • Jet Pumps: Design and Operation
expand/collapseElectrical Submersible Pump Systems (s37850) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • ESP System Overview
  • ESP Power Components
  • ESP Operating Principles
  • ESP System Design
  • ESP System Operation
expand/collapsePlunger Lift Systems (s37858) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Plunger Lift Overview
  • Plunger Lift Design and Installation

Production Equipment and Operations

expand/collapseWellheads, Flow Control Equipment and Flowlines (t110)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseCasing and Tubing Head Equipment (s1370) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Casing Heads
  • Casing Spools
  • Casing Hangers
  • Packoffs and Isolation Seals
  • Bowl Protectors
  • Test Plugs
  • Mudline Suspension Systems
  • Tubing Heads
  • Tubing Hangers and Tubing Head Adapters
  • Exercise 1
  • Exercise 2
  • Exercise 3
  • Exercise 4
  • Exercise 5
  • Exercise 6
  • Exercise 7
  • Exercise 8
expand/collapseFlow Control at the Wellhead (s3575) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Gate Valves
  • Production Chokes
  • Christmas Tree Assemblies
  • Low-Pressure Installations (Examples)
  • High-Pressure Installations (Examples)
  • Flanges and Clamps
  • Independent Wellheads
  • Unitized Wellheads
  • Exercise 1
  • Exercise 2
  • Exercise 3
expand/collapseFlowlines (s3576) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Design Parameters
  • Line Pipe Fabrication and Specifications
  • Pressure Loss Calculations
  • Sizing of Lines
  • Effect of Design on Well Performance
  • Installation and Testing
  • Pipe Insulation
  • Temperature Differentials
  • Corrosion Control (External)
  • Corrosion Control (Internal)
  • Cleaning and Inspection
expand/collapseValves, Fittings and Flanges (s3577) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Gate Valves
  • Plug Valves and Ball Valves
  • Globe Valves
  • Butterfly Valves
  • Diaphragm Valves
  • Check Valves
  • Pipe Fittings
expand/collapseProduction Manifolds (s1376) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Components
  • Fabrication
expand/collapseFluid Separation and Treatment (t111)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseProduction Facility Overview (s1378) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Fluid Treatment Objectives
  • Production and Separation of Well Fluids
  • Treatment and Handling of Separated Fluids
  • Additional Facility Functions
  • Exercise 1
  • Exercise 2
expand/collapseSeparation of Produced Fluids (s1379) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Two-Phase(Liquid-Gas) Separation
  • Three-Phase (Gas, Oil and Water) Separation
  • Two-Phase Horizontal Separators
  • Two-Phase Vertical Separators
  • Spherical Separators
  • Double-Barreled and Filter-Type Separators
  • Comparison of Two-Phase Separator Types
  • Three-Phase Horizontal Separators
  • Three-Phase Vertical Separators
  • Internal Components
  • Pressure and Level Controllers
  • Pressure Relief Valves and Rupture Discs
  • Operating Problems
  • Sizing Two-Phase Separators
  • Sizing Three-Phase Separators
  • Stage Separation
  • Exercise 1
  • Exercise 2
  • Exercise 3
  • Exercise 4
  • Exercise 5
expand/collapseTreatment of Separation Oil (s1380) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Emulsions and Their Treatment
  • Vertical Treaters
  • Horizontal Treaters
  • Electrostatic Treaters
  • Chemical Treatment
  • Other Treating Equipment
  • Sizing of Treating Equipment
  • Exercise 1
  • Exercise 2
  • Exercise 3
  • Exercise 4
expand/collapseOilfield Safety (t113)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseEmergency Preparedness (s1389) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Hazard Awareness
  • Safety Meetings
  • Emergency Plan Development
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseIncident Reporting and Investigation (s1390) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Accidents and Incidents
  • Reporting Procedures
  • Investigation Procedures
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseSafety Hazards in Oil and Gas Production (s1392) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Water-Related Hazards
  • Unconfined Vapor Releases
  • Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion (BLEVE)
  • Compressor Station Hazards
  • Pyrophoric Iron Sulfide
  • Hydrogen Sulfide (Sour Gas)
  • Chemical Hazards
  • Electrical Hazards
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No.6
expand/collapseSafe Work Practices (s1393) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Site Housekeeping
  • Lifting and Handling of Materials by Hand
  • Rigging Safety and Work at Heights
  • Confined/Enclosed Space Entry
  • Shutdown and Startup Procedures
  • Welding and the Use of Power Tools
  • Well Workovers
  • Driving Safety Guidelines
  • First Aid: General Considerations
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
  • Exercise No. 11
expand/collapseSafety and Control of Site Activities (s1394) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Work Permit Systems
  • Safety Inspection Procedures
  • Site Security
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
expand/collapseFire Prevention and Control (s1397) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Fire Chemistry
  • Detection of Flammable and Toxic Atmospheres
  • Properties of Flammable and Combustible Liquids
  • Control of Ignition Sources
  • Fire Protection Systems and Equipment
  • Firefighting Agents
  • Hand-held Fire Extinguishers
  • Firefighter Training
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
  • Exercise No. 11
  • Exercise No. 12
expand/collapseCased Hole Logging (t114)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseCased Hole Logging Overview (s1401) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Typical Setup
  • Logging Environment
  • Regions of Investigation for Cased Hole Tools
expand/collapseFormation Evaluation in Cased Holes (s1402) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Pulsed Neutron Capture Measurement
  • Cased Hole Resistivity Tool
  • Pulsed Neutron Capture Log Presentations
  • Pulsed Neutron Capture Log Applications
  • Carbon-Oxygen (C/O) Measurement
  • Compensated Neutron Measurement
  • Natural Gamma Ray Measurement
  • Exercise 1
  • Exercise 2
  • Exercise 3
  • Exercise 4
  • Exercise 5
  • Exercise 6
  • Exercise 7
expand/collapseCement Bond Evaluation (s1403) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Cement Bond Log (CBL)
  • Microannulus Effects, Tool Centralization and Quality Control
  • Cement Bond Index
  • Wellbore-Compensated CBL
  • Pad-Type CBL
  • Pulse-Echo CBL and Circumferential Imaging Tools
  • Exercise 1
  • Exercise 2
  • Exercise 3
  • Exercise 4
  • Exercise 5
expand/collapseCasing Inspection (s3578) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Mechanical Calipers
  • Electromagnetic Tools
  • Casing Potential Surveys
  • Acoustic Casing Inspection
  • Exercise 1
expand/collapseQualitative Flow Evaluation (s1404) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Temperature Surveys
  • Borehole Noise Surveys
  • Radioactive Tracer Surveys
  • Exercise 1
  • Exercise 2
  • Exercise 3
  • Exercise 4
  • Exercise 5
  • Exercise 6
  • Exercise 7
  • Exercise 8
expand/collapseFlow Rate Determination in the Wellbore (s1405) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Fluid Behavior
  • Injection Well Profiling Using Radioactive Tracers
  • Flowmeters (Turbine Type)
  • Multiphase Vertical Flow
  • Multiphase Flow in Deviated Wells
  • Oxygen Activation Measurement
expand/collapseProduction Logging of Multiphase Flow in Horizontal Wells (s5609) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Configurations and Flow Regimes
  • Logging Equipment and Techniques Used in Horizontal Wells
  • Conventional Production Logging Tools
  • Production Logging Tools Designed for Horizontal Wells
  • Case Studies
  • References
  • Exercise 1
  • Exercise 2
  • Exercise 3
  • Exercise 4
  • Exercise 5
  • Exercise 6
  • Exercise 7
  • Exercise 8
  • Exercise 9
  • Exercise 10
expand/collapseIntelligent Completions (t36209)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Intelligent Completions (s36210) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Historical Perspective
expand/collapseFundamentals of Pressure Sensors (s36213) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Pressure Sensing Technology
  • Exploiting Crystal Properties of Quartz
  • Quartz Sensors
expand/collapseFiber Optic Sensing and Telemetry Systems (s36217) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Downhole Fiber Optics
  • Fundamentals of Light Propagation
  • Fiber Optic Transmission Modes
  • Architecture of Optical Sensor Systems
  • Fiber Optic Gratings
  • Bragg Grating Sensors
  • Distributed Temperature Sensing Systems
  • DTS Applications
expand/collapseDownhole Flow Control (s36226) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Real-time Flow Control
expand/collapseAssessing Reliability (s36228) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Reliability and Environmental Modeling
  • Failure Analysis and Testing Standards
expand/collapseOverview of Rigless Well Intervention (t38106)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Rigless Well Intervention (s38107) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Well Intervention Described
  • Economics of Rigless Well Intervention
  • HSE and Well Intervention
expand/collapseOperating Considerations in Rigless Well Intervention (s38112) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Tasks, Roles, and Responsibilities
  • Selection of Well Candidates
  • General Preparation for Rigless Well Intervention
expand/collapseSlickline Well Intervention (t38011)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseOverview of Slickline Well Intervention  (s38012) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Slickline Described
  • HSE and Slickline Operations
expand/collapseBasic Slickline Equipment  (s38016) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Equipment Overview
  • Wireline
  • Slickline Units
  • Data Acquisition Systems
  • Pressure Control Equipment
  • Hoisting System
  • Basic Slickline Tool String
  • Running and Pulling Tools
expand/collapseSlickline Service Tools (s38026) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Tubing Conditioning and Servicing Tools
  • Fishing Tools
  • Bailers
  • Specialty Tools
expand/collapseSubsurface Flow Controls (s38033) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Slickline Operations and Subsurface Flow Controls
  • Lock Mandrels
  • Plugs
  • Subsurface Safety Valves
  • Subsurface Chokes
  • Gas Lift Equipment
  • Tubing Packoffs
  • Sliding Sleeves
expand/collapseAdvanced Slickline Applications (s38043) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Depth Control for Advanced Slickline Applications
  • Tool Activation
  • Memory Production Logging
  • Real-Time Slickline
expand/collapseSlickline Operations (s38050) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Job Preparation and Rig-Up
  • Tubing Conditioning, Testing and Repair
  • Sand Bailing, Paraffin and Scale Removal
  • Pressure Surveys, Memory Production Logging and Perforating
  • Subsurface Safety Valves
  • Plugs and Flow Controls
  • Wireline Fishing
  • Post-Job Activities and Rig-Down
expand/collapseElectric Line Well Intervention (t38206)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseOverview of Electric Line Well Intervention (s38207) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Electric Line Described
  • HSE and Electric Line Operations
expand/collapseBasic Electric Line Equipment  (s38211) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Equipment Overview
  • Electric Wireline
  • Wireline Units for Electric Line Operations
  • Pressure Control Equipment
expand/collapseElectric Line Downhole Tools  (s38217) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Electric Line-Tool String Connection
  • Depth Control in Electric Line Operations
  • Tool String Conveyance
  • Production Logging Tools
  • Through-Tubing Formation Evaluation
  • Cement Bond Evaluation
  • Perforating
  • Tubing and Casing Inspection Tools
expand/collapseElectric Line Operations  (s38226) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Job Preparation and Rig-Up
  • Electric Line Logging Operations
  • Electric Line Well Servicing Operations
  • Risks and Mitigations in Electric Line Operations
  • Post-Job Considerations
expand/collapseCoiled Tubing Well Intervention (t38235)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

Subtopic Listing:

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expand/collapseOverview of Coiled Tubing Well Intervention  (s38236) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • HSE and Coiled Tubing Well Intervention
expand/collapseBasic Coiled Tubing Equipment  (s38240) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Equipment Overview
  • Coiled Tubing and Reel System
  • Coiled Tubing Injector Assembly
  • Coiled Tubing Pressure Control Equipment
expand/collapseCoiled Tubing Downhole Tools (s38246) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Basic Coiled Tubing Bottomhole Assembly
  • Wellbore Cleanout Tools
  • Fishing and Pipe Recovery
  • Specialty and Support Tools
expand/collapseCoiled Tubing Operations (s38253) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Job Preparation and Rig-Up
  • Well Cleanout and Unloading Operations
  • Coiled Tubing Fishing and Milling
  • Pumping Operations
  • Coiled Tubing-Wireline
  • Coiled Tubing and Artificial Lift
  • Coiled Tubing Drilling

Drilling Engineering

expand/collapseWell Planning (t115)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseWell Planning Overview (s1407) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Well Objectives and Success Factors
  • Major Components
  • Tasks and Responsibilities
expand/collapseWell Selection (s1408) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Budget Objectives
  • Prospect Selection
  • Reservoir Potential Evaluation
  • Prospect Acquisition and Location Selection
expand/collapseAFE Preparation (s1409) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Geological Input
  • Completion and Testing Requirements
  • Drilling Considerations
  • Cost Estimates and AFE Approval
expand/collapseWell Plan Organization and Data Gathering (s1410) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Outline
  • Information Sources
  • Initial Planning Meeting
  • Environmental and Regulatory Requirements
  • Location, Support and Logistics
  • Pressure Prediction and Well Planning
  • Drilling Problems
expand/collapseWell Design Considerations (s1411) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Casing Settings Depths and Sizes
  • Casing and Tubing Design
  • Wellhead Design
  • Mud Program
  • Cementing Program
  • Bit Program
  • Hydraulics Program
  • Directional Planning and Deviation Control
  • Logging, Coring and Testing
expand/collapseRig Design Considerations (s1412) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Well Control and Blowout Prevention
  • Rig Specifications
expand/collapseProcedures (s1413) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Drilling and Completion
  • Support and Logistics
  • Emergencies
expand/collapseDrilling Contracts (s1414) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Contract Procurement
  • Bidding Considerations
expand/collapseCost Reviews (s1415) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Drilling and Completion Costs
  • AFE and Well Plan Review
expand/collapseDrill String Components (t116)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseDrill String Overview (s1425) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Design Considerations
  • Principal Components
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapseKelly (s1426) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Description
  • Performance Considerations
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseDrill Pipe (s1427) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Dimensions and Strengths
  • Upsets
  • Tool Joints
  • Capacity and Displacement
  • Handling Guidelines
  • Fatigue and Drill String Failures
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
  • Exercise No.4
  • Exercise No.5
expand/collapseDrill Collars (s1428) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Description
  • Tapered Strings
  • Special Features
  • Connections
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseHeavy Wall Drill Pipe (s3821) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Description
expand/collapseBottomhole Assembly Tools (s3822) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Stabilizers
  • Drilling Jars
  • Reamers
  • Hole Openers
  • Float Subs
  • Circulating Subs
  • Crossover Subs
  • Vibration Dampeners
  • Drill Strings for High-Angle Drilling
expand/collapseDrill Bits (t983)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Drill Bits (s1429) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Bit Types and IADC Classifications
  • Rock Failure Mechanisms
expand/collapseRoller Cone Bit Design (s1430) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Geometry
  • Cutting Elements
  • Bearings
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseFixed Cutter Bit Design (s1431) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Body Materials
  • Diamond Cutting Elements
  • Bit Profiles and Hydraulic Systems
  • Design Features Summary
expand/collapseBit Hydraulics (s1432) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Concepts
  • Fixed Cutter Bits: Special Considerations
  • Hydraulics Optimization Criteria
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseBit Selection Criteria (s1433) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Formation Properties
  • Bit Specifications and Rig Capabilities
expand/collapseBit Grading and Evaluation (s1434) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • IADC Grading System
  • Traditional Grading Criteria: Rolling Cutter Bits
  • Factors Affecting Bit Wear
  • Bit Run Economics
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseBit Operating Guidelines (s1435) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Roller Cone Bits
  • Fixed Cutter Bits
expand/collapseBit Run Optimization (s36874) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Bit Balling
  • Roller Cone Bit Life: Bearing , Tooth Failure Critieria
  • Thermal and Mechanical Effects on PDC Bit Wear Rates
  • PDC Bit Optimization in Downhole Motor Drilling
expand/collapseDrilling Fluids and the Circulating System (t117)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseDrilling Fluids Overview (s1419) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Principal Functions of Drilling Fluids
  • Drilling Fluid Classifications
  • Drilling Fluid Composition
  • Drilling Fluid Properties
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseDrilling Rig Circulating System (s3817) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Description
  • Auxiliary Systems
  • Mud Pumps
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseDrilling Fluid Components and Additives (s1420) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Drilling Fluid Components
  • Weighting Materials
  • Viscosifiers
  • Filtration Control Materials
  • Rheology Control Materials
  • Alkalinity and pH Control Materials
  • Lost Circulation Materials
  • Surface Active Agents
  • Lubricating Materials
  • Flocculating Materials
  • Shale-Stabilizing Materials
  • Inhibitors
  • Polymers
  • Inorganic Acids, Bases and Salts
  • High-Temperature, High-Pressure (HPHT) Components and Additives
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapseDrilling Fluid Systems (s1421) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Classification of Water-Base Drilling Fluid Systems
  • Nondispersed-Noninhibited Water-Base Systems
  • Nondispersed-Inhibited Water-Based Systems
  • Dispersed-Noninhibited Water-Base System
  • Dispersed-Inhibited Water-Base Systems
  • Oil-Base (Invert-Emulsion) Systems
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseSolids Control (s1424) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Solids Control in Drilling Operations
  • Solids Control Methods
  • Principles of Solids Removal
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseClay Chemistry (s1423) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Fundamental Structure
  • Clay Mineral Groups
  • Clays in Drilling Fluids
  • Summary of Physiochemical Reactions
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseEnvironmental Aspects of Drilling Mud Engineering (s36785) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Environmental Issues in Drilling Operations
  • Surface Disposal Methods
  • Subsurface Disposal Methods
expand/collapseField Tests of Drilling Fluids (s1422) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Density (Mud Weight)
  • Funnel Viscosity
  • Apparent Viscosity, Plastic Viscosity, Yield Point and Gel Strength
  • API Standard Filtration Test
  • API HP/HT Filtration Test
  • Sand Content
  • Oil, Water and Solids Content
  • Methylene Blue Capacity
  • pH
  • Mud and Filtrate Alkalinity
  • Excess Lime Content
  • Chloride Content
  • Total Hardness
  • Resistivity
  • Oil-Base Drilling Fluid Tests
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseMud Engineering Calculations (s36784) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Units of Measurement
  • Capacity, Volume and Displacement
  • Pump Output
  • Hydrostatic Pressure
  • Mud Formulation
expand/collapseDirectional and Horizontal Drilling (t118)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseDirectional Drilling Overview (s1443) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • History
  • Applications
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
expand/collapseDeviation in Vertical Wells (s1444) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Causes
  • Control Methods
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseDirectional Drilling Tools and Techniques (s1445) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Well Trajectory Planning
  • Downhole Mud Motors
  • Rotary Steerable Systems
  • Specialized Bottomhole Assemblies
  • Deflection Tools
  • Survey Tools
  • Wireline Steering Systems
  • MWD and LWD Systems
  • EMWD Systems
  • Well Trajectory Calculations
  • Geologic Steering
  • Azimuth Change
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
  • Exercise No.4
  • Exercise No.5
  • Exercise No.6
expand/collapseHorizontal Wells (s1446) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Well Configurations
  • Long Turn Radius Drilling
  • Medium Turn Radius Drilling
  • Short Turn Radius Drilling
  • Ultra-Short Turn Radius Drilling
  • Trajectory Planning
  • Build Curve Design
  • Horizontal Targeting
  • Formation Evaluation Aspects
  • Completion and Stimulation Aspects
  • Artificial Lift Considerations
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
expand/collapseDrilling Hydraulics in Deviated Wells (s1447) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Borehole Stability
  • Fluid Velocity and Flow Regimes
  • Cuttings Transport
expand/collapseDrill String and Bit Considerations in Deviated Wells (s3819) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Drill String Design
  • Bit Selection
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseUnderbalanced Drilling in Directional Wells (s36863) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Drilling Directional Wells Underbalanced
expand/collapseUnderbalanced Drilling (t23393)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Underbalanced Drilling (s23394) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Underbalanced Drilling Overview
  • Underbalanced Drilling Techniques
  • Benefits and Limitations of Underbalanced Drilling
expand/collapseDry Air Drilling (s23398) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Dry Air Drilling Overview
  • Air Drilling Equipment
  • Dry Air Drilling Procedures and Operating Considerations
  • Downhole Fires
  • Reverse Circulation Drilling
expand/collapseNitrogen Drilling (s23404) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Nitrogen Drilling Overview
  • Liquid (Cryogenic) Nitrogen Supply
  • On-Site Generated Nitrogen (Membrane Filter)
  • Nitrogen Drilling Procedures and Operating Considerations
expand/collapseNatural Gas Drilling (s23409) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Natural Gas Drilling Overview
expand/collapseMist Drilling (s23411) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Mist Drilling Overview
expand/collapseFoam Drilling (s23413) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Foam Drilling Overview
  • Hole Cleaning Considerations
  • Foam Drilling Equipment
  • Composition of Injected Liquid
  • Foam Drilling Procedures and Operating Considerations
  • Limitations of Foam Drilling
expand/collapseStiff Foam Drilling (s23420) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Stiff Foam Drilling Overview
  • Hole Cleaning Considerations
  • Stiff Foam Drilling Equipment
  • Viscosifiers
  • Stiff Foam Drilling Procedures and Operating Considerations
  • Limitations of Stiff Foam Drilling
expand/collapseGasified Liquids (s23427) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Gasified Liquid Drilling Overview
  • Gasification Techniques
  • Gas Supply and Compression Equipment
  • Circulating Pressures
  • Hole Cleaning Considerations
  • Drill String
  • Gasified Liquid Drilling Procedures and Operating Considerations
  • Limitations of Gasified Liquid Drilling
expand/collapseFlow-Drilling (s23436) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Flow Drilling Overview
  • Flow Drilling Surface Equipment
  • Rotating Control Head
  • Flow Drilling Procedures and Operating Considerations
  • Limitations of Flow Drilling
expand/collapseSnub Drilling (s23441) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Snub Drilling Overview
  • Snubbing Units
expand/collapseUnderbalanced Drilling: General Issues (s23443) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Coiled Tubing for Underbalanced Drilling
  • Underbalanced Directional Drilling
  • Well Logging of Underbalanced Holes
  • Safety in Underbalanced Drilling
  • Underbalanced Well Classification System
  • Selection of Candidates for UBD
  • Managed Pressure Drilling (MPD)
expand/collapseDrilling Problems and Drilling Optimization (t119)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseDrilling Objectives (s1437) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapsePressure, Hydraulics and Hole Cleaning (s1438) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Wellbore and Formation Pressure
  • Buoyancy
  • Rheological Models
  • Flow Regimes
  • System Pressure Loss
  • Surge and Swab Effects
  • Hole Cleaning
  • Contamination of Water-Based Drilling Fluids
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2
  • Exercise No.3
  • Exercise No.4
  • Exercise No.5
  • Exercise No.6
expand/collapseAbnormal Pressure Environments (s1439) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Occurrences
  • Origins
  • Prediction and Detection
expand/collapseKick Detection and Control (s1440) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Precautionary Measures
  • Surface Indications
  • Initial Shut-in Procedures
  • Constant Bottomhole Pressure Concept
  • Control Methods
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseLost Circulation (s1441) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Occurrences and Prevention
  • Diagnosis
  • Remedial Measures
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseBorehole Instability (s1442) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Shale Instability
  • Salt Sections
  • Hard or Abrasive Formations
expand/collapseStuck Pipe (s3827) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Differential Pressure Sticking
  • Key Seating
  • Solids Accumulation and Mechanical Sticking
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseFishing Operations (s3828) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Categories
  • Planning and Preparation
  • Pipe Recovery
  • Wireline Tool Recovery and Junk Removal
  • Auxiliary Tools
  • Economics
  • Exercise No.1
expand/collapseHydrogen Sulfide (s3829) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Physical Properties
  • Toxic Effects
  • Corrosive Effects
  • Detection
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Mud System Considerations
  • Tubulars and B.O.P.E. Design Considerations
expand/collapseDrilling Optimization (s3830) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Minimum Cost Drilling
  • Factors Affecting Penetration Rate
  • Penetration Rate Equations and Drilling Tests
  • Constraints on Bit Weight and Rotary Speed
  • Bit Life Estimation
  • Practical Guidelines
  • Exercise No.1
  • Exercise No.2

Production Facilities Design

expand/collapseOil Systems and Equipment (t6433)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseTwo Phase Separators (s12375) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Equipment Description
  • Selection Criteria
  • Vessel Internals
  • Potential Operating Problems
  • Separator Design Theory
  • Horizontal Separator Design
  • Horizontal Separator Design Example (SI Units)
  • Horizontal Separator Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Vertical Separator Design
  • Vertical Separator Design Example (SI Units)
  • Vertical Separator Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Nomenclature
  • References
expand/collapseThree Phase Separators (s12390) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Equipment Description
  • Design Theory
  • Design of Horizontal Separators
  • Horizontal Separator Design Example (Oilfield)
  • Horizontal Separator Design Example (SI Units)
  • Design of Vertical Separators
  • Vertical Separator Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Vertical Separator Design Example (SI Units)
  • Nomenclature
  • References
expand/collapseOil Treaters (s12402) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Equipment Description
  • Treater Theory
  • Treater Design Procedure
  • Vertical Treater Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Vertical Treater Design Example (SI Units)
  • Nomenclature
  • References
expand/collapseDesalting (s12411) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Theory
  • Single and Two Stage Desalting
  • Equipment Description
  • Design Procedure
  • Single-Stage Desalter Design Example (SI Units)
  • Two-Stage Desalter Design Example (SI Units)
  • Multistage Desalter Design Example (SI Units)
  • Single-Stage Desalter Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Two-Stage Desalter Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Multistage Desalter Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Nomenclature
  • References
expand/collapseCrude Stabilization (s12425) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Theory of Crude Stabilization
  • Equipment Description
  • Design Procedure
  • Multi-Stage Separation Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Crude Stabilization Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Multi-Stage Separation Design Example (SI Units)
  • Crude Stabilization Design Example (SI Units)
  • Nomenclature
  • References
expand/collapseGas Systems and Equipment (t6434)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseAcid Gas Removal (s17090) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • General Process Description
  • Solid Bed Processes
  • Process Selection
  • Iron Sponge Design Procedure
  • Design Examples (Oilfield Units)
  • Design Examples (SI Units)
  • Nomenclature
expand/collapseGlycol Dehydration (s17099) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Theory
  • Hydrate Formation
  • Dew Point Depression
  • General Process Description
  • Glycol Properties
  • Equipment Description
  • Design Procedure
  • Unit Operating Problems and Troubleshooting
  • Nomenclature
  • Design Example
  • Physical Properties of Glycol
expand/collapseReciprocating Compressors (s17112) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • General Considerations
  • Performance Considerations
  • Pulsations and Vibrations
  • Process Piping Considerations
  • Fundamental Design
  • Construction Details
  • Specifications
  • Selecting Compressors
  • Nomenclature
  • Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Design Example (SI Units)
expand/collapseWater Systems and Equipment (t6435)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseTreating Oil from Produced Water (s17075) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Theory
  • Equipment Description
  • Design Procedure
  • Nomenclature
expand/collapseRemoving Solids and Dissolved Gases from Produced Water (s17081) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Theory of Solid Removal
  • Description of Solid Removal Equipment
  • Description of Gas Removal Equipment
  • Design Procedure
  • Nomenclature
  • Design Examples: Gas Removal
  • Design Example: Solid Removal Process
expand/collapseUtility Systems and Equipment (t6436)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseFuel Gas Systems (s17125) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Types of Fuel
  • Fuel Requirements
  • Fuel Contaminants
  • Heating Value
  • Fuel Gas Equipment Selection
  • Diesel Fuel Equipment Selection
  • Nomenclature
expand/collapseFired Heaters and Hydrate Control (s17134) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Equipment Description
  • Heater Heat Transfer Basics
  • Hydrate Formation
  • Hydrate Inhibition
  • Design Procedure
  • Nomenclature
  • Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Design Example (SI Units)
expand/collapseHeat Transfer Systems (s17144) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • System Description
  • Theory
  • Design Procedure
  • Design Example (SI Units)
  • Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Nomenclature
expand/collapseWaste Heat Recovery (s17152) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Waste Heat Recovery Systems
  • Sources of Waste Heat
  • Methods of Exhaust Heat Recovery
  • Equipment
  • Theory
  • Design Procedure for an Exhaust Waste Heat Recovery System
  • Nomenclature
expand/collapseHeating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (s17162) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • System Description
  • Theory
  • Equipment Descriptions
  • Design Parameters
  • Design Procedure
  • Nomenclature
  • Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Design Example (SI Units)
expand/collapseReciprocating Pumps (s17172) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • General Considerations
  • Performance Considerations
  • Pulsations
  • Process Piping Considerations
  • Pump Construction Details
  • Material Considerations
  • Standards
  • Selecting A Reciprocating Pump
  • Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Design Example (SI Units)
  • Nomenclature
  • References
expand/collapseCentrifugal Pumps (s17186) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • General Considerations
  • Performance Considerations
  • Process Piping Considerations
  • Pump Construction Details
expand/collapseInstrumentation (t6437)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseControllers and Control Theory (s17192) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Control Philosophy
  • Control Theory
  • Controller Principles and Selection
  • Loop Configurations
  • Controller and Loop Tuning
  • Nomenclature
expand/collapsePressure Measurement and Control (s17200) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Principles of Operation
  • Device Selection
expand/collapseTemperature Measurement and Control (s17204) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Principles of Operation
  • Device Selection
  • Sensor Testing and Calibration
expand/collapseFlow Measurement and Control (s17209) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Principles of Operation
  • Device Selection
  • Meter Sizing
  • Exercise No 1
  • Exercise No 2
expand/collapseLevel Measurement and Control (s17216) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Principles of Operation
  • Device Selection
  • Device Mounting
expand/collapseControl Valves (s17221) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Principles of Operation
  • Valve Selection
  • Valve Body
  • Actuators
  • Installation
  • Control Valve Sizing
expand/collapseSafety Shutdown Systems (s17229) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • System Selection
  • Pneumatic Systems
  • Electrical Systems
  • Electronic Systems
  • Safety Analysis Concepts
expand/collapseWellhead Shutdown Systems (s17236) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Shutdown Criteria
  • Design Criteria
  • Instrument and Logic Components Selection
expand/collapsePlatform and Structural Design Considerations (t6438)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseOffshore Facility Layout (s17241) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Items to Consider in Developing a Layout
  • Layout Procedures
expand/collapseLiving Quarters Layout (s17245) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Design Considerations
  • Layout Selection
  • List of Applicable Codes
  • NFPA 80 (National Fire Protection Association)
  • Guidelines for Quarters Areas
  • Example Layouts
expand/collapseFacilities Piping (s17253) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Basic Flow Equations and Factors
  • Pressure Drop in Piping
  • Choosing A Line Diameter
  • Determining Wall Thickness
  • Pressure Ratings
  • Determining Pressure Breaks
  • Facility Piping Details
  • Design Example (Oilfield Units)
  • Design Example (SI Units)

Well Completion and Stimulation

expand/collapseBasic Completion Design and Practices (t38755)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseGeneral Criteria for Completion Design (s38756) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Completions
  • Completion Team Roles and Responsibilities
  • Design Process, Standards and Regulations
  • HSSE and Risk Management
  • Statement of Requirements and Basis of Design
  • Life of Well Functional and Servicing Requirements
  • Drilling Considerations
  • Completion Operations Planning
  • Cost Estimates, AFE and Other Approvals
expand/collapseBasic Downhole Configurations (s38768) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Open-Hole Completions
  • Uncemented Liner Completions and Open-Hole Gravel Packs
  • Perforated Completions
  • Multi-Stage Fracture-Stimulated Horizontal Wells
  • Single and Multizone Selective Completions
  • Observation Well Completions
expand/collapseLift Methods and Completion Design (s38787) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Flowing Wells, Continuous Gas Lift and Hydraulic Jet Pumping
  • Reciprocating Rod Pumping, Progressive Cavity Pumping and Hydraulic Piston Pumping
  • Electrical Submersible Pumping and Hydraulic Submersible Pumping
  • Intermittent Lift Systems
expand/collapseSpecialized Completion Designs (s38794) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • High-Pressure, High-Temperature (HPHT) Completions
  • Completions for Complex Well Trajectories
  • Offshore Completions
  • Completions for Cold Heavy Oil Production (CHOP)
  • Completions for Thermal Recovery Processes
  • Completions for Unconventional Gas Wells
expand/collapseCompletion Productivity and Injectivity (s38808) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Well Completion as Part of the Production System
  • Inflow Performance Relationships (IPR)
  • Vertical Lift Performance
  • Integrated System Analysis
  • Production Constraints and Optimization
expand/collapseCompletion Planning (s38823) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Completion Planning and Project Management
  • Contracts, Procurement and Logistics
  • Incorporating Well Evaluation Results
  • Programming and Supervision
  • Workover Planning and Operations
expand/collapseCementing (t37656)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Cementing (s37657) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Cementing Regulations
  • Quantities and Units of Measurement
  • Volume Calculations
  • Fluid Density
  • Subsurface Pressure Gradient Profiles
expand/collapseChemistry and Classification of Oilwell Cements (s37660) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Cement Manufacture and Chemistry
  • API Cement Types
  • Basic Cement Slurry Formation
expand/collapseAdditives (s37665) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Accelerators
  • Retarders
  • Extenders (Density-Reducing Additives)
  • Weighting Materials (Density-Increasing Additives)
  • Dispersants
  • Fluid Loss Control Additives
  • Lost Circulation Prevention Additives
  • Strengthening Agents
  • Antifoam Agents
  • Special Cement Systems
expand/collapseCement Testing Procedures (s37683) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • API and ISO Test Standards
  • Slurry Sample Mixing Procedures
  • Testing Procedures
expand/collapseCement Slurry Flow Properties and Mud Displacement (s37688) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Application of Rheological Models
  • Laminar and Turbulent Flow
  • Viscosity, Shear Stress, and Shear Rate
  • Fluid Models
  • Effect of Pump Rate and Equivalent Circulating Density on Displacement
  • Mud Conditioning
  • Washes, Preflushes, and Spacers
expand/collapseCementing Equipment (s37695) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Transport and Delivery of Basic Elements: Cement, Additives, Water
  • Surface Mixing and Pumping Equipment
  • Subsurface Equipment: Casing Hardware
expand/collapsePrimary Cementing (s37700) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Casing Program Overview
  • Example Casing Program: Marcellus Shale Well
  • Well Data Requirements for Cement Job Design
  • Slurry Design Considerations
  • U-Tube Effect
  • Elements of a Successful Cement Job
  • Single-Stage Cementing Process
  • Multiple-Stage Cementing
  • Liner Cementing
  • Cementing Subsea Wells
  • Cementing Horizontal Intervals
  • Special Primary Cementing Methods
  • General Operational Considerations
expand/collapseSqueeze Cementing (s37715) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Squeeze Cementing Definitions and Tools
  • Squeeze Cementing Design
  • Squeeze Cementing Procedure
  • Squeeze Cementing Job Evaluation
  • Squeeze Cementing Job Failures
expand/collapsePlug Cementing (s37722) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • General Cement Plug Job Design Considerations
  • Balanced Plug Method
  • Dump Bailer Method
  • Two-plug Method
  • Plug Cement Slurry Design
  • Testing Cement Plugs
  • Reasons for Failure of Cement Plugs
expand/collapseCement Evaluation (s37731) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Pressure or Inflow Tests
  • Acoustic Cement Bond Logs
  • Temperature Surveys
  • Radioactive Tracer Surveys
expand/collapseCompletion Equipment (t1926)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseTubulars (s1453) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • API Specifications
  • Tubing String Design
  • Production Casing
  • Couplings
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapsePackers (s1454) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Packer Functions
  • Packer Types and Applications
  • Tubing/Packer Forces and Movement
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseArtificial Lift Equipment (s1458) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Anchors
  • Pumps
expand/collapseDownhole Completion Accessories (s1455) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Seating Nipples
  • Sliding Sleeves
  • Side Pocket Mandrels
  • Blast Joints and Flow Couplings
expand/collapseSubsurface Safety Valves (SSSVs) (s1456) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Applications
  • Flow-Controlled SSSVs
  • Surface-Controlled SSSVs
  • Bottomhole Chokes and Regulators
expand/collapseWellhead Equipment (s1457) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Wellheads
  • Tubing Heads and Hangers
  • Christmas Trees
  • Beans and Chokes
expand/collapsePerforating (t122)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Perforating (s1472) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • History and Background
  • Basic Perforating Methods
  • Fundamentals of Shaped Charge Operation
  • Explosives Used in Perforating
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapsePerforating Gun Types (s1473) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Retrievable vs. Expendable Guns
  • Casing Guns
  • Through-Tubing Guns
  • Casing Deformation Considerations
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapsePerforating and Production Performance (s1474) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • API Testing Procedures
  • Perforation Productivity Considerations
  • Relative Importance of Perforating Parameters
  • Perforation Cleanup Considerations
  • Perforating for Gravel Packing
  • Perforating for Fracturing
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseElectric Wireline Perforating (s1475) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Equipment
  • Pressure Control System
  • Perforating Procedures and Depth Control
  • Positioned or Oriented Perforating
  • Job Planning
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
expand/collapseTubing-Conveyed Perforating (s1476) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Applications
  • Perforating Equipment
  • Perforating Procedures
  • Measurement While Perforating
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseAcidizing and Other Chemical Treatments (t123)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Acidizing (s1478) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Background and Definitions
  • Types of Acid Treatments
expand/collapseAcid Treating Solutions (s1479) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Mineral Acids
  • Organic Acids
  • Specialty Acids
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
expand/collapseAdditives in Acidizing Fluids (s1481) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Corrosion Inhibitors
  • Surfactants
  • Iron Sequestering Agents
  • Fluid Loss Control Agents
  • Friction Reducers
  • Clay Stabilizers
  • Bacteria Control Agents
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
  • Exercise No. 11
  • Exercise No. 12
  • Exercise No. 13
  • Exercise No. 14
  • Exercise No. 15
expand/collapseMatrix Acidizing (s1482) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Surface Equipment
  • Sandstone Matrix Treatments
  • Carbonate Matrix Treatments
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseFracture Acidizing (s1480) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Fracture Geometry
  • Formation Characteristics
  • Treatment Materials and Procedures
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseDiverting Materials in Acidizing (s1483) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Solid Diverters
  • Gel Diverters
  • Ball Sealers
  • Selection of Diverters
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
expand/collapseWellbore Cleanout and Scale Removal (s1484) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Wellbore Cleanout: General Description
  • Materials Used in Wellbore Cleanout
  • Wellbore Cleanout Procedure
  • Scale Problems
  • Scale Removal
  • Scale Prevention
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseParaffins and Asphaltenes (s1485) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Properties
  • Factors Affecting Deposition
  • Removal and Control Techniques
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseHydraulic Fracturing  (t38524)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseHydraulic Fracturing Fundamentals (s38525) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Hydraulic Fracturing Overview
  • Fundamental Concepts of Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Fracture Initiation and Growth
  • Rock Mechanical Properties and Fracturing
  • State of the Rock Matrix
  • Fracture Initiation, Propagation and Closure Pressures
  • Qualitative Description of Fracture Growth
  • Quantitative Description of Fracture Growth
  • Fracture Treatment Data Collection and Diagnostics
expand/collapseHydraulic Fracturing Fluids (s38572) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Fluid Functions and Properties
  • Fracturing Fluid Rheology
  • Fluid Loss Control
  • Types of Fracturing Fluids
  • Fracturing Fluid Additives
  • Environmental Aspects of Fracturing Fluids
expand/collapseProppants (s38581) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Proppant Functions
  • Properties Affecting Proppant Performance
  • Proppant Embedment and In Situ Conductivity
  • Types of Proppants
expand/collapseFracturing Equipment and Operations (s38596) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Basic Surface Equipment Layout
  • Material Storage
  • Surface Equipment for Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Downhole Equipment for Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Flowback Equipment
  • Fracturing Equipment for Specialized Applications
  • Hydraulic Fracturing Stages
  • Multi-stage, Horizontal Well Treatments
  • Hydraulic Fracturing Equipment Applications: Case Histories
expand/collapseFracture Treatment Design (s38643) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Well Completion Considerations
  • Pumping Schedules, Treating Pressures and Material Selection
  • General Operating Considerations
  • Fracture Calibration Treatment
  • Main Treatment Design
  • Special Types of Fracturing Treatments
  • Fracture Design Optimization and Integrated Workflows
  • Commercial Fracture Design and Evaluation Models
  • Case History: Conventional Vertical Well, Cooper Basin, Australia
  • Case History: Horizontal Well, Marcellus Shale, USA
expand/collapseHydraulic Fracturing Treatment Evaluation (s38664) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Microseismic Fracture Mapping
  • Well Performance Evaluation
expand/collapseSand Control (t125)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSand Production in Oil and Gas Wells (s1495) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sand-Related Production Problems
  • Causes of Sand Production
  • Classification of Sands and their Failure Mechanisms
  • Rock Mechanics Considerations
  • Sand Failure Prediction
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseCompletion and Production Practices (s1496) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Completion Efficiency
  • Rate Control and Arching Effects
  • Selective Perforation
expand/collapseLiners and Screens (s1497) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Plain Slotted Liners
  • Wire-Wrapped Screens
  • Applications and Limitations of Plain Screens
  • Prepacked Screens
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseGravel Packing (s1498) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Cased Hole (Internal) Gravel Packs
  • Open Hole (External) Gravel Packs
  • Well Productivity
  • Gravel Selection, Sizing and Quality
  • Liner/Screen Selection
  • Downhole Tools
  • Surface Equipment
  • Perforation Design and Cleanup Procedures
  • Gravel Placement Techniques (Cased Hole)
  • Gravel Placement Techniques (Open Hole)
  • Example: Cased Hole Gravel Pack Design
  • Slurry Requirements
  • Outline Procedures for Gravel Packs
  • Fluids Used in Gravel Pack Operations
  • Formation Damage and Fluid Filtration
  • Multiple Zone Completions
  • Deviated and Horizontal Wells
  • Quality Control
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseFrac-and-Pack Techniques (s1942) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseConsolidation Techniques (s1940) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Chemical Consolidation
  • Consolidated Gravel Packs
expand/collapseSand Control in Wells Producing Heavy Oil (s1941) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Gravel Packing
  • Other Control Methods
expand/collapseHorizontal Wells: Completion and Evaluation (t126)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseHorizontal Wells in a Reservoir Management Strategy (s1500) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Reservoir Candidate Recognition
  • Horizontal Well Deliverability
  • Anisotropic Formations
  • Horizontal Wells vs. Fractured Vertical Wells
  • Multilateral Wells
  • Formation Evaluation for Optimal Well Completions
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseHorizontal Well Completions (s1501) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Well Curvature
  • Completion Types
  • Zonal Isolation Techniques
  • Casing Design
  • Cementing
  • Sand Control
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseMatrix Stimulation of Horizontal Wells (s1502) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Damage Characterization
  • Fluid Placement Techniques
  • Partial Stimulation
  • Stimulation of Sandstone Reservoirs
  • Stimulation of Carbonate Reservoirs
  • Optimization of Matrix Treatments
  • Acidizing Physics
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseHydraulic Fracturing of Horizontal Wells (s1503) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • General Considerations
  • Performance of Fractured Horizontal Wells
  • Fracturing Pressures
  • Fracture Design
  • Fracture Execution and Perforating Considerations
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseMultilateral, Multibranched and Multilevel Wells (s5443) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Reservoirs and Well Architecture
  • A Production Prediction Model
  • Reservoir Performance, Selected Configurations
  • Partially Completed Wells
  • Completions for Complex Well Architecture
  • References

Reservoir Engineering

expand/collapseFundamentals of Reservoir Engineering (t986)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseBasic Concepts in Reservoir Engineering (s778) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Engineering Objectives
  • Data Sources
  • Reservoir Description and Modeling
  • Pressure and Temperature
  • Porosity, Permeability and Fluid Saturation
  • Fluid Flow Equations
  • The Material Balance Equation
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
  • Exercise No. 11
  • Exercise No. 12
  • Exercise No. 13
  • Exercise No. 14
  • Exercise No. 15
expand/collapseReservoir Fluid Flow and Natural Drive Mechanisms (s779) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Gas Reservoirs
  • Condensate Reservoirs
  • Condensate Reservoirs: Pressure Maintenance
  • Solution Gas Drive
  • Solution Gas Drive Reservoir Performance
  • Solution Gas Drive and the Material Balance Eq.
  • Gas Cap Drive
  • Gas Cap Drive and the Material Balance Equation
  • Water Drive
  • Water Drive Reservoir Performance
  • Water Drive and the Material Balance Equation
  • Gravity Drainage
  • Combination Drive Oil Reservoirs
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
  • Exercise No. 11
  • Exercise No. 12
  • Exercise No. 13
  • Exercise No. 14
  • Exercise No. 15
  • Exercise No. 16
  • Exercise No. 17
  • Exercise No. 18
  • Exercise No. 19
  • Exercise No. 20
  • Exercise No. 21
  • Exercise No. 22
  • Exercise No. 23
  • Exercise No. 24
expand/collapseReservoir Environments and Characterization (t984)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSandstone Reservoir Environments (s783) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Alluvial Fan Environments
  • Braided Stream Environments
  • Meandering Stream Environments
  • Deltaic Environments
  • Barrier Island Environments
  • Eolian Environments
  • Shallow Marine Shelf Environments
  • Deep Marine Environments
  • Pore Systems and Diagenesis
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseCarbonate Reservoir Environments (s782) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Shelf Environments
  • Reefs and Other Shelf Margin Environments
  • Deep Basin Environments (Chalk)
  • Pore Systems and Diagenesis
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
expand/collapseReservoir Characterization (s781) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Structure and Geometry
  • Internal Architecture
  • Tools for Studying Rock Pore Systems
  • Petrophysical Properties: Porosity and Permeability
  • Petrophysical Properties: Analysis
  • Rock Typing
  • Reservoir Zonation: the Flow Unit Concept
  • Reservoir Zonation: Use of Field Data
  • Case Studies in Reservoir Characterization
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
expand/collapseImproved Recovery Processes (t987)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseSecondary Recovery: Waterflooding and Gas Injection (s784) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Wettability
  • Capillary Pressure
  • Capillary Pressure and Water Saturation
  • Relative Permeability, Mobility Ratio
  • Fractional Flow and Frontal Advance Equations
  • Waterflood Calculations: Diffuse Flow
  • Waterflood Calculations: Segregated Flow
  • Waterflood Performance: Influencing Factors
  • Waterflood Sweep Efficiencies
  • Waterflood Prediction Methods, Stratified Media
  • 3-D Waterflood Prediction Methods
  • Waterflood Prediction Methods, Evaluation
  • Waterflood Design: Reservoir Considerations
  • Waterflood Design: Well Pattern Selection
  • Waterflood Design: Project Timing
  • Pilot Flooding
  • Water Requirements
  • Gas Injection: Introduction
  • Gas Injection Performance Calculations
  • Gas Injection for Pressure Maintenance
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
expand/collapseEnhanced Recovery: Miscible Flooding (s136) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Miscible Flooding with Hydrocarbon Fluids
  • Miscible Flooding with Carbon Dioxide
  • Equilibrium Phase Behavior
  • Phase Equilibrium Diagrams
  • Phase Behavior in Hydrocarbon Miscible Floods
  • Phase Behavior in Carbon Dioxide Floods
  • Phase Behavior and Reservoir Heterogeneity
  • Fluid Dispersion
  • Sweep Efficiency
  • Irregular Well Patterns
  • Viscous Fingering, Gravity Tonguing
  • Reservoir Heterogeneity Effects
  • Immiscible Flow Processes in Miscible Floods
  • Recovery Estimates: Single Well Patterns
  • Reservoir Simulator Applications
  • Case Studies, Miscible Flood Projects
  • Laboratory Testing and Flood Design
  • Oil Recovery Calculations
  • Phase Equilibrium Calculations
  • Fluid Mechanics Calculations
  • Immiscible Flood Calculations
  • Well-Pattern Sweep Efficiency
  • Streamline, Stream-Tube Calculations
  • Vertical Sweep Efficiency Models
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
  • Exercise No. 11
  • Exercise No. 12
  • Exercise No. 13
  • Exercise No. 14
  • Exercise No. 15
  • Exercise No. 16
  • Exercise No. 17
  • Exercise No. 18
  • Exercise No. 19
  • Exercise No. 20
  • Exercise No. 21
  • Exercise No. 22
  • Exercise No. 23
expand/collapseReservoir Modeling and Reserves Evaluation (t989)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseReservoir Simulation (s137) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Steps in a Simulation Study
  • Rock and Fluid Properties in Simulation
  • Reservoir Flow Geometries and Dimensions
  • Flow Equations: Single Phase
  • Flow Equations: Multi-Phase and Compositional
  • Flow Equations: Boundary and Initial Conditions
  • Analytical vs. Numerical Solution Methods
  • Grid Systems
  • Grid Sizing, Orientation, Refinement
  • Time Step Selection
  • Finite Difference Approximation of Flow Equations
  • Solution Methods: Single Phase Flow Equations
  • Solution Methods: Multi-Phase Flow Equations
  • Solutions and Internal Checks: Matrix Equations
  • Data Collection and Preparation
  • Pseudo-Functions
  • Computational Requirements
  • Special Purpose Simulators
  • History Matching, Forecasting and Updating
  • Case Study in Reservoir Simulation
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
  • Exercise No. 11
  • Exercise No. 12
  • Exercise No. 13
  • Exercise No. 14
  • Exercise No. 15
  • Exercise No. 16
  • Exercise No. 17
  • Exercise No. 18
  • Exercise No. 19
expand/collapseReserves Estimation (s138) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Uncertainties in Reserve Estimates
  • Reserves Definitions and Classifications
  • Estimation Methods: Overview
  • Analogy and Statistical Methods
  • Volumetric Estimates of Initial Oil/Gas in Place
  • Volumetric Mapping
  • Volumetric Recovery Estimates: Oil Reservoirs
  • Volumetric Recovery Estimates: Condensates
  • Volumetric Recovery Estimates: Gas Reservoirs
  • Reservoir Heterogeneity
  • Reserves Allocation
  • Material Balance Methods: Introduction
  • Material Balance Equation: Expanded Form
  • Material Balance: Havlena-Odeh Applications
  • Material Balance Prediction Methods
  • Material Balance: Volumetric Gas Reservoirs
  • Performance/Decline Trend Analysis
  • Special Problems in Estimating Reserves
  • Case Studies
  • Reserves Analysis and Field Development
  • Reserves Estimates and Improved Recovery
  • Figures and Correlations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Additional Reading
expand/collapseIssues in Reservoir Management (t991)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseEvaluation of Naturally Fractured Reservoirs (s780) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Worldwide Distribution; Major Rock Types
  • Fracture Origins and Rock Mechanics
  • Fracture Properties
  • Reservoir Management Issues
  • Data Sources: Cores and Outcrops
  • Data Sources: Downhole Surveys
  • Data Sources: Drilling, Well Tests, Production
  • General Reservoir Classifications
  • Porosity and Permeability from Core Analysis
  • Reservoir Characterization and Modeling
  • Calculations of Recovery, Oil-in-Place
  • Interporosity Flow Processes; Water/Gas Coning
  • Improved Recovery Methods
  • Performance Prediction
  • Case Studies
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
  • Exercise No. 11
  • Exercise No. 12
  • Exercise No. 13
  • Exercise No. 14
  • Exercise No. 15
  • Exercise No. 16
expand/collapseReservoir Management of Mature Fields (s140) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Integrated Reservoir Management
  • Geologic Mapping and Reservoir Simulation
  • 3-D Seismics and Cross-Hole Tomography
  • Data Collection
  • Evaluation Methodology
  • Geological Input
  • Report Presentation
  • Reservoir Evaluation: Case Study
  • Waterflood Screening
  • Reinterpretation Based on Production History
  • Waterflood Surveillance and Monitoring
  • Waterflood Surveillance: Case Studies
  • Waterflood Surveillance: Emerging Trends
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery: Screening Guidelines
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery: Surfactant Flooding
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery: Polymer Flooding
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery: Alkaline Flooding
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery: Carbon Dioxide Flooding
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery: Thermal Processes
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery: Project Design
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Additional Reading
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
  • Exercise No. 4
  • Exercise No. 5
  • Exercise No. 6
  • Exercise No. 7
  • Exercise No. 8
  • Exercise No. 9
  • Exercise No. 10
  • Exercise No. 11

Offshore Operations

expand/collapseOffshore Production Facilities (t36282)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseOverview Of The Offshore Petroleum Industry (s36283) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Origins And Key Historical Markers
  • Present Scope Of Offshore Activities
  • Current Trends And Challenges
  • Regulation Of The Offshore Industry
expand/collapsePrimary Design Considerations For Offshore Production Facilities (s36289) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Characteristics Of The Marine Environment
  • Principal Design Requirements
  • The Behavior Of Floating Vessels And Structures
expand/collapseDevelopment Project Drivers And Key Decision Factors (s36293) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Volume Of Exploitable Oil And Gas Reserves
  • Quality Of Reservoir And Produced Fluids
  • Production Rates And Depletion Schedule
  • Schedule To First Oil.
  • Water Depth And Environmental Regime
  • Areal Extent Of Resources
  • Distance To Markets And Existing Infrastructure
  • Other Drivers And Complicating Factors
expand/collapsePlatforms And Surface Facilities (s36303) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Classifications of Offshore Platforms
  • Common Platform Features And Components
  • Fixed Bottom-founded Platforms
  • Floating Production Units: General Description
  • Column-stabilized Floating Production Units
  • Ship-shaped And Barge (monohull) FPSO
  • FPSO Operations
  • Spar Platforms
  • Innovations Variations And Combinations
expand/collapseSubsea Production Facilities (s36313) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Subsea Wellheads And Production Trees
  • Templates And Manifolds
  • Subsea Separation And Pumping Systems
  • Flowlines And Connection Systems
  • Control Umbilicals
  • Subsea Control Systems
  • Field Architecture
  • Installation And Intervention
expand/collapseOffshore Pipelines (s36323) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Pipeline Route Selection
  • Pipeline Installation Methods And Equipment
  • Offshore Pipeline Connections
  • Pipeline Repair
expand/collapseOffshore Production Equipment And Operations (s36329) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Ensuring Safe Operations
  • Development Drilling
  • Main Production And Processing Equipment
  • Critical Operations
  • Process Control
  • Organization And Personnel
expand/collapseDecommissioning And Removal Of Offshore Facilities (s36337) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Regulatory Framework
  • General D And R Procedures
  • Notable Examples Of D And R
expand/collapseDeepwater Drilling (t36797)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseDeepwater Projects And Environments (s36798) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Deepwater Defined
  • Worldwide Deepwater Activity
  • Deepwater Environments
  • Deepwater Rig Requirements
  • Project Management Considerations
expand/collapseDeepwater Drilling Systems And Equipment (s36804) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Mobile Offshore Drilling Units
  • Floating Production Units
  • Principal Marine Systems
  • Drilling Systems
  • Riser Systems
  • Subsea Equipment
  • Maintenance Program
expand/collapseDeepwater Well Planning And Design (s36813) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Considerations
  • Completion And Intervention
  • Pressure Prediction
expand/collapseDeepwater Well Construction (s36817) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sequence Of Operations For A Typical Exploration Well
  • Deepwater Completions
  • Drilling Problems In Deepwater Wells
expand/collapseAdvanced Solutions For Deepwater Drilling Challenges (s36821) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Managing Narrow Pressure Margins
  • Riserless Drilling
  • Continuous Circulation System
  • Solid Expandable Tubulars
  • Casing Drilling
  • Rotary Steerable Systems
  • Logging-while-drilling (lwd)
  • Slim Pressurized Riser With Surface Bop
  • Dual Activity Operations
expand/collapseDeepwater Case Histories (s36832) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Development Wells
  • Depleted Sands
  • Narrow Pressure Margins And Salt Sequences
  • Horizontal Completions

Petroleum Economic Analysis and Fundamentals

expand/collapseEnergy Project Economics and Risk Analysis (t37308)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction (s37354) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Introduction
expand/collapseCash Flow (s37309) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Cash Flow Video
  • Cash Flow Fundamentals
  • Project Cash Flow
expand/collapseFuture and Present Value Analysis (s37315) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Future and Present Value Analysis Video
  • Future Value
  • Present Value
  • Discount Factor and Cost of Equity
expand/collapsePresent Value of a Project (s37351) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Presente Value of a Project Video
  • Present Value of a Project Cash Flow (100% Equity)
expand/collapseCalculating the Internal Rate of Return of a Project (s37326) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Calculating the Internal Rate of Return of a Project Video
  • Internal Rate of Return (IRR)
expand/collapseRisk Analysis (s37329) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Risk Analysis Video
  • Incorporating Uncertainty into Project Economics Analysis
  • Deterministic Estimates
  • Preparing a Spider and Tornado Diagrams
  • Monte Carlo Simulation
expand/collapseImpact of Debt Financing (Leverage) on Project Economics  (s37333) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Impact of Debt Financing (Leverage) on Project Economics Video
  • Introduction
  • Impact of Debt
  • Debt Sensitivity Analysis
expand/collapseSummary of Financial Results  (s37343) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Summary of Financial Results Video
  • Measures of Project Performance
expand/collapseRisk Analysis Applied to Petroleum Investments (t142)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseRisk Analysis Fundamentals (s1510) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Risk and Uncertainty
  • Deterministic, Scenario and Stochastic Models
  • Models in the Oil and Gas Industry
  • Graphical Decision-Making Tools
  • Measures of Profitability
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseProbability Distributions (s1511) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Descriptive Statistics
  • Fundamentals of Probability and Statistics
  • Common Distribution Types
  • Confidence Intervals and Probability Intervals
  • Dependent Events and Conditional Probability
  • Subjective Probability and Expert Opinion
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseMonte Carlo Simulation Models (s1512) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Sampling Random Variables
  • Running the Simulation
  • Recognizing Dependence Among Input Parameters
  • Incorporating Dependency
  • Production Forecast with Simple Economics
  • Volumetric Models: the Lognormal Distribution
  • Porosity and Saturation Model: Built-in Dependency
expand/collapseCompetitive Bidding (s1513) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Lease Sales
  • Terminology
  • Sampling of Oil and Gas Industry Literature
  • Monte Carlo Simulation
  • General Readings Outside Petroleum Engineering

Other Petroleum Engineering Topics

expand/collapseNatural Gas Fluid Properties (t141)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseNatural Gas Fluid Systems (s1505) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Components
  • Single-Component Systems
  • Multi-Component Systems
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseNatural Gas Fluid Properties (s1506) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Ideal Gas Law and Standard Conditions
  • Real Gas Behavior
  • Gas Viscosity
  • Heating Value and Dew Point
  • Basic Measurement Parameters
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
  • Exercise No. 3
expand/collapseTemperature Measurement (s1507) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Bimetal Thermometer
  • Liquid-in-Glass Thermometer
  • Filled System Thermometer
  • Thermocouples and Resistance Thermometer
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapsePressure Measurement (s1508) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Manometer
  • Dead Weight Tester
  • Mechanical Gauges
  • Electronic Sensors
  • Calibration
expand/collapseVolume and Flow Rate Measurement (s1509) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Orifice Measurement Principles
  • Orifice Meters
  • Positive Displacement Meters
  • Turbine Meters
  • Vortex Flow Measurement
  • Meter Calibration and Correction
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseGravity/ Density Measurement and Gas Composition (s5197) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Gas and Liquid Gravity
  • Gas Chromotography
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseNatural Gas Fluid Sampling (s5198) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Well Selection
  • Well Conditioning
  • General Sampling Guidelines
  • Dry Gas Sampling
  • NGL Sampling
  • Exercise No. 1
  • Exercise No. 2
expand/collapseMass Flow Rate (s5199) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Indirect Measurement
  • Direct Measurement
  • Exercise No. 1
expand/collapseMixed Stream Composition (s5200) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Mathematical Recombination
expand/collapseOil and Gas Pipelines (t5723)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseOverview of Oil and Gas Pipelines (s5724) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • General Overview
  • Purpose and Scope
  • Alternatives to Pipelines
  • Phases of Pipeline Development
  • Pipeline Components
  • Main Capital Cost Elements
  • Case Study
expand/collapseHydraulics (s5767) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Hydraulics Analysis and Line Sizing
  • Liquid Pipeline
  • Waxy Crude
  • Gas Pipelines
  • Two-Phase Flow
  • Case Study
  • Exercise on Oil Pipeline Sizing
  • Exercise on Gas Pipeline Sizing
expand/collapseMechanical Design (s5776) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Pipeline Mechanical Design
  • Pipeline Vs Facilities Piping
  • Pipelines Codes and Standard
  • Pipeline Mechanical Design Considerations
  • Case Study
  • Exercise on Wall Thickness
expand/collapseConstruction (s5783) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Onshore Construction
  • Offshore Construction
  • Testing
  • Case Study
expand/collapseOperations (s5789) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Pipeline Operations
  • Pipeline Commissioning
  • Routine Operations
  • Pipeline Integrity Assessment
  • Pipeline Emergencies and Repairs
  • Case Study
expand/collapseIntegrated Reservoir Characterization (t5858)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseIntroduction to Integrated Reservoir Characterization (s5859) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
expand/collapseAssembly and Review of Existing Data (s5861) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview of Phase 1 - Existing Data
  • Assembling Geological Data
  • Assembling Geophysical Data
  • Assembling of Engineering Data
  • Integration of Existing Data
expand/collapseData Acquisition (s5867) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Purpose and Goals in Phase 2 - New Data Acquisition
  • Roles of each Discipline
  • Geology
  • Geophysics
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Integration
expand/collapseData Analysis and Interpretation (s5874) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview of Phase 3 - Data Analysis and Interpretation
  • Basic Roles of Each Discipline
  • Geology
  • Geophysics
  • Petroleum Engineering
expand/collapseData Integration (s5880) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview of Phase 4 - Data Integration
  • Assemble Integrated Reservoir Model
  • Geostatistical Analysis
  • Reservoir Simulation
  • Economic Analysis and Development Strategies
expand/collapseConclusion (s5886) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Summary and Conclusion
expand/collapseRecommended Processes (s5888) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Concepts of Work Flow
  • Recommended Approaches - Options

Formation Evaluation

Well Logging

expand/collapseOverview of Formation Evaluation (t38928)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseFundamentals of Formation Evaluation and the Subsurface Environment (s38929) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Scope of Formation Evaluation
  • Objectives of Formation Evaluation
  • Overview of Formation Evaluation Methods
  • Drilling Mud, Mud Cake and Mud Filtrate Invasion
  • Core Alteration during Recovery
expand/collapseFundamentals of Rock and Fluid Properties and Their Measurement by Logging Tools (s38938) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Overview of Logging While Drilling (LWD) and Wireline Logging Operations
  • Porosity and Formation Factor
  • Permeability and the Porosity-Permeability Relationships
  • Formation Resistivity and Fluid Saturation
  • Acoustic Logging and its Applications
  • Neutron, Gamma Ray and Density Logging and their Applications
expand/collapseFundamentals of Laboratory Measurements of Rock and Fluid Properties (s38949) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Core Analysis
  • Measuring Porosity
  • Measuring Permeability
  • Overview of Other Types of Routine Core Analysis
  • Special Core Analysis (SCAL) and Specialist Studies
expand/collapseFundamentals of Well Testing and Analysis (s38974) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Objectives of Well Testing
  • Well Test Analysis: Pressure Transient Analysis in Buildup
  • Skin Factor
  • Integration of Well Test Analysis with other Subsurface Data
expand/collapseLogging Equipment and Operational Procedures (t38993)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseWireline Logging Equipment (s38994) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Wireline Logging Process
  • Wireline Logging Setup
  • Logging Units
  • Wireline Logging Cable, Drum, Logging Head and Weak Point
  • Overview of Common Wireline Logging Tools
expand/collapseWireline Logging Operational Procedures (s39002) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • The Wireline Logging Program
  • Stuck Wireline Cable or Logging Tools
  • Wireline Log Quality Control
expand/collapseLogging While Drilling (LWD) Equipment and Operational Procedures (s39008) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview of the LWD Process
  • LWD Tool Conveyance and Operating Environment
  • LWD Logging Tools and Overview of Applications
  • LWD Data Recovery to the Surface
  • LWD Quality Control and Remedial Options
  • Comparison of LWD and Wireline Logging
expand/collapseWell Logging Tools and Techniques (t29948)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseMagnetic Resonance Logs (s23381) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • An Introduction to Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Logging
  • Principles of Operation
  • Tool Description
  • NMR Interpretation
  • Job Planning and Log Quality Control
  • NMR Applications
  • Case Histories
  • Glossary of Terms
  • References
  • Additional Reading
expand/collapseSpontaneous Potential Log (s29995) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Applications of the Spontaneous Potential Log
  • Factors Affecting the SP
expand/collapseGamma Ray Log (s29999) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Gamma Rays and Natural Radiation
  • Calibration of Gamma Ray Detectors and Logs
expand/collapseResistivity Logs (s30003) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Tool Response
  • Tool Spacing
  • Conventional Electric Logs
  • Laterolog Overview
  • Laterolog Tools (LL3, LL7 and Dual Laterolog)
  • Laterolog Corrections
  • Anomalous Laterolog Behavior
  • Introduction to Induction Tools
  • Induction Principles
  • Microresistivity Tools
expand/collapseDielectric Logs (s30015) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Principles of Dielectric Tools
expand/collapseDensity Logs (s30017) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview of Density and Photoelectric Logs
  • Principles of Density Logging
  • Adverse Influences and Calibration
  • Applications
expand/collapseNeutron Logs (s30022) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction to Neutron Logging
  • Neutron Porosity Measurements
  • Evolving Design of Neutron Tools
expand/collapseAcoustic Logs (s30026) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Overview
  • Principles of Acoustic Logging
  • Adverse Influences
  • Porosity and Other Applications
expand/collapseSpecial Open Hole Tools (s35946) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Caliper Log: Description
  • Caliper Log: Interpretation Methods
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Log
  • Borehole Gravimeter
  • Borehole Televiewer
expand/collapseCased Hole Logs (s35947) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Pulsed Neutron Tool
  • Pulsed Neutron Interpretation
  • Carbon/Oxygen Log
expand/collapseCasing Inspection Logs (s35948) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Introduction
  • Casing/Tubing Caliper Logs
  • Electrical Potential Log
  • Cement Bond Log
  • Electromagnetic Thickness Log
  • Borehole Televiewer
expand/collapseProduction Logs (s35949) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Profile Logs
  • Fluid Identification Logs
  • Temperature Logs
expand/collapseSampling and Testing (s35950) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly
  • Sidewall Coring
  • Wireline Formation Tester
expand/collapseWell Log Interpretation (t26)TOPIC LEVEL:BROWSELearnPrint

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expand/collapseQuick-Look Analysis (s160) BROWSELearnSubtopic information - Printer Friendly